World Facts

The 10 Most Populated State Capitals

Pheonix, Arizona is the only state capitol with over 1 million residents.

Of all the state capitals, Phoenix is the most populated. The other state capitals with high populations include Indianapolis, Columbus and Austin. Boston and Denver are also highly populated as well as Oklahoma City, Sacramento, and Atlanta.

The Most Populated State Capitals

Phoenix, Arizona

Phoenix is the most populated state capital in the country with a total population of around 1.4 million individuals. Phoenix is known for being one of the hottest major cities in the US, with temperatures often exceeding 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

Indianapolis, Indiana

Indianapolis has a population of 829,718, making it the second most populated state capital.

Columbus, Ohio

Columbus, Ohio has a population of 822,553. It is located in central Ohio, and was formerly known as the "arch city".

Austin, Texas

Austin, Texas is home to 790,390 people, which makes it the country's fourth most populated state capital. Although it is not the largest city in Texas (both Houston and Dallas are larger than Austin), Austin is known for being a vibrant tourist attraction, mostly thanks to its cuisine and music festivals.

Nashville, Tennessee

Nashville, Tennessee, is known as "Music City". 635,710 people call Nashville home. It is the largest city in Tennessee as well as its capital city.

The Impact of a High Population

State capitals attract a large number of people from the surrounding areas. The reasons behind the rise in population within the state capitals include the availability of good infrastructure, commercial transactions, employment opportunities, and educational facilities. Consequently, state capitals house people from all walks of life. The rise in population in such cities have had both positive as well as negative impacts.

One of the positive impacts of the rising population is the expansion of tax bases. High population implies that the government collects higher amounts of taxes. These taxes are used to fund public facilities such as roads and railways, among many other things. Also, high population boosts businesses due to the availability of many consumers. Thus, more investors are encouraged in expanding their businesses in such highly populated regions.

However, high populations may come with some adverse impacts such as the increase in government expenses. State governments may be forced to spend more capital in expanding facilities to cater to the rising population. Furthermore, the rise in the population may lead to overpopulation; hence, a decrease in the living standards. Besides, unemployment may rise due to the flooding of the job market by many applicants residing in the state capitals. Finally, very high population implies that there is an under-utilization of labor. Many people who are unemployed may find themselves doing irrelevant jobs which do not suit their areas of expertise.

The 10 Most Populated State Capitals

RankCityStatePopulation
1PhoenixArizona1,445,632
2IndianapolisIndiana829,718
3ColumbusOhio822,553
4AustinTexas790,390
5NashvilleTennessee635,710
6BostonMassachusetts617,594
7DenverColorado600,158
8Oklahoma CityOklahoma580,000
9SacramentoCalifornia466,488
10AtlantaGeorgia420,003

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