Germany has extensive railway network and has some of the busiest railway stations in the European Union. The combined number of passengers served by the nation’s top four busiest stations is about 577 million passengers. The cities with the busiest railway stations in the country are Hamburg, Berlin, Frankfurt, and Munich.
The Hamburg Hauptbahnhof station is the busiest in the country, serving about 0.48 million passengers each day, the third highest daily passengers of any railway station in Europe. The station is situated in Hamburg’s Hamburg-Mitte borough. Operations in the station commenced in 1906, as it replaced four earlier railway stations. The station has a length of 676 feet and a width of 443 feet. The station covers a total area of 0.299 million square feet, part of which is a large shopping center. Six platforms service the station. Long-distance and regional trains that call at the station each day are about 720 in number and an additional 980 S-Bahn trains.
Another busy railway station is the Frankfurt (Main) Hauptbahnhof Station in Hesse, Frankfurt. The railway station serves about 0.45 million passengers every day, making it the second busiest railway station in the country, and the busiest in the city of Frankfurt. Annually, the station serves more than 164.3 million passengers. The station was opened in August 1888, making it among the oldest train stations in the country. The train station is made up of 120 tracks, with 29 of them being situated above the ground. About 632 trains call at the station each day where 342 of them are long-distance trains while 290 are regional trains. The station’s strategic location at the center of Europe makes it appealing for long-distance trains, connecting the city of Frankfurt to other major cities in the EU.
The third-busiest railway station in the country is the Munchen Hauptbahnhof. Situated in Munich, the railway station is the busiest not only in the city but in the whole of Bavaria. While the number of daily passengers served by the station is the same as that of Frankfurt (Main) Hauptbahnhof Station, Munchen Hauptbahnhof serves fewer passengers annually (about 127.8 million passengers). The railway station is one of the oldest in the country, with the original Munchen station being built 1839. The present station was opened in 1849 but has undergone frequent major repairs over the years (the station was extensively damaged in the Second World War). Electrification of the station was done in 1925.
The Berlin Hauptbahnhof is a railway station that serves Germany’s capital, Munich, and is the fourth busiest railway station in the country. The station serves about 0.3 million passengers each day, and about 110 million passengers each year. The railway station was opened in May 2006, making it among the youngest in the country. The station serves an estimated 1,800 trains each day. The Berlin Friedrichstrabe station is another busy station serving Berlin. The station is the second-busiest in Berlin and the eight-busiest in the country, serving about 76.7 million passengers each year. The station is the oldest extant station in the city, as it was opened in February 1882.