Occupying an area of 606,468.30 square miles, Amazonas, a Brazilian state in the northwestern corner of the country is the largest state in the country. The South American nation of Brazil occupies a total area of 3,287,956.04 square miles, and has an estimated population of 206,440,850 people. There are 26 states in the country in addition to the Federal District which is home to the nation’s capital, Brasilia.
The Northern Region accounts for 45.27% (1487912.97 square miles) of Brazil’s total area. Amazonas, the largest state, is located in this region with its capital being Manaus. The state of Pará doubles up as the second biggest state in the region as well as in the country. It has a total area of 481,735.61 square miles, and its capital is Belém. Tocantins State has its capital as Palmas and an area of 107,190.03 square miles. The fourth largest state in the region is Rondônia with an area of 91728.68 square miles. Roraima State has an area of 86,602.3 square miles, and its capital city is Boa Vista. The region’s sixth-largest state is Acre which has its capital at Rio Branco and an area of 58,912.00 square miles. Amapa State is the smallest state in the north region with an area of 54,754.92 square miles and its capital city is Macapá.
The Northeast Region is the 2nd largest in the country with an area of 601622.83 square miles. Bahia is the region’s largest state with an area of 218,029.07 square miles. Its capital city, Salvador, is ranked the 3rd largest city in Brazil. Maranhão State is the second biggest in the region with an area of 128,179.46 square miles. Its capital city is São Luis. The region’s third largest state is Piauí with an area of 97,115.96 square miles and its capital city being Teresina. Other states in the region by area and capital city are: Ceará (57,461.88 square miles; Fortaleza), Pernambuco (37,958.32 square miles; Recife), Paraiba (21,791.5 square miles; João Pessoa), Rio Grande do Norte (20,384.95 square miles; Natal), Alagoas (10,721.2 square miles; Maceió), and Sergipe (8,459.61 square miles; Aracaju).
The South Region, the 5th largest in the nation, sits on an area of 222,553.0 square miles and is home to three states. Rio Grande de Sul is the largest state in the region and the 9th largest in the country. Its total area is 108,783.7 square miles, and its capital city is Porto Alegre. Paraná State occupies an area of 76,888.73 square miles, and its capital is at Curitiba City. The region’s smallest state is Santa Catarina with an area of 36,813.37 square miles. Its capital city is Florianópolis.
This region is the 4th largest in the nation with an area of 356,955.80 square miles. The region’s largest state is Minas Gerais with an area of 226,459.84 square miles. Its capital city is Belo Horizonte. The state of São Paulo has its capital city going by the same name, and it has an area of 95,834.18 square miles. Espirito Santo State has an area of 17,790.62 square miles and its capital is Vitória. The state of Rio de Janeiro ranks as the region’s smallest state with an area of 16,871.16 square miles. Its capital city, Rio de Janeiro, is one of the largest cities in the nation.
This region is home to Distrito Federal (Federal District) which has an area of 2,247.92 square miles. Mato Grosso state is the third largest in Brazil with an area of 348,788.43 square miles. Its capital city is Cuiabá. The state of Mato Grosso do Sul has an area of 137,886.73 square miles and its capital city is Campo Grande. Goiás State has an area of 131,308.21 square miles, and its capital is at Goiánia City.
Most Populous Brazilian States
The most populated Brazilian State is São Paulo with an estimated 44,035,304 inhabitants. It is ranked as the richest of the country’s states, contributing a third of Brazil’s GDP. Minas Gerais ranks second with approximately 20,734,097 inhabitants and third by GDP. Rio de Janeiro ranks as the nation's third most populous state at 16,461,173 inhabitants. The state boasts the second largest economy in the country.