US States By Electoral Votes

By Ferdinand Bada on January 15 2020 in Politics

Electoral map of the United States.
Electoral map of the United States.

The Electoral College is a body of electors formed under the authority of the United States Constitution. The body is formed every four years during a national election for the purpose of electing the two highest leadership positions in the US, the president, and vice president. The body is made up of 538 members, which means a candidate needs at least 270 votes to win. These members are sourced from each of the 50 US states, and the number of electors from a state is determined by the number of members it has in both the House of Representatives and Senate. Presently, the two houses have 535 members, with 435 coming from the House of Representatives and 100 from the Senate. The additional three come from the District of Colombia, as stipulated by the Twenty-Third Amendment.

The Three US States with the Most Electoral Votes

California has the most electoral seats of any US state, with a total of 55, while Texas ranks second with 38 seats. Florida and New York each have 29 seats, while Illinois and Pennsylvania are also tied, with 20 seats per state. Seven states and the District of Columbia (D.C.) have the minimum number of seats, which is three, namely Alaska, Vermont, Delaware, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana.

California

California is located in the country's Pacific region. In addition to having the most electoral seats, it is also the most populous state, with an estimated population of 39.6 million. Nicknamed the Golden State, California is also the third-largest state in terms of area. The state's large population is the main reason why it has such a high number of votes in the House of Representatives (53) and 2 senators in the Senate. Additionally, the speaker of the Lower House is from California.

Texas

Texas is the nation’s second-largest state, with an area of about 268,581 sq mi, and a large estimated population of 29 million. Like California, the state's high number of representatives in the Lower House (36) is due to its large population. The additional two seats are from the two senators, who are both currently Republicans. In the previous presidential election, more than half of the votes from Texas went to the Republican contender.

New York

The state of New York is situated in the country’s northeastern region and is one of the original Thirteen Colonies. Nicknamed the Empire State, New York has the fourth highest population in the US, estimated at 19.5 million, and an area of about 54,555 sq mi. In addition to two senators, the rest of New York's electoral representation comes from members of the Lower House. The current number of representatives is a significant decrease from the 47 votes it had between 1933 and 1953.

Twenty-third Amendment to the US Constitution

The Twenty-Third Amendment to the US Constitution allows citizens living in the District of Columbia to vote in presidential elections. Essentially, the amendment extends the rights of a state to the district. Ratified on March 29, 1961, it grants the District of Columbia the number of electors that does not exceed the number of votes granted to the least populous state, which is three.

List of US States by Electoral Votes

RankUS StateElectoral Votes (2016 Election)
1California55
2Texas38
3Florida29
4New York29
5Illinois20
6Pennsylvania20
7Ohio18
8Georgia16
9Michigan16
10North Carolina15
11New Jersey14
12Virginia13
13Arizona11
14Tennessee11
15Indiana11
16Massachusetts11
17Washington10
18Minnesota10
19Missouri10
20Wisconsin10
21Maryland10
22Colorado9
23Alabama9
24South Carolina9
25Kentucky8
26Oregon 7
27Oklahoma7
28Connecticut7
29Nevada6
30Utah6
31Kansas6
32Iowa6
33Arkansas6
34Louisiana6
35Mississippi6
36New Mexico5
37Nebraska5
38West Virginia5
39Idaho4
40Rhode Island4
41New Hampshire4
42Maine4
43Hawaii4
44Montana3
45Wyoming3
46South Dakota3
47North Dakota3
48Washington D.C. 3
49Delaware3
50Vermont3
51Alaska3

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