The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka has a prime minister who is the leader of the Cabinet business in the country and is appointed by the president. The president is the head of the government and chief of state. The position of the Prime Minister was created in 1947 when the country was still a colony of Britain and was known as Ceylon. The country became a republic in 1972, and the name changed from the prime minister of Ceylon to prime minister of Sri Lanka. The Prime Minister was the head of the government and was also the minister of defense and external affairs, but in 1978 the constitution was changed to create the executive president who was head of government and head of state. The prime minister will act as president in the event the position of presidency becomes vacant. The prime minister will serve as president until the parliament convenes to elect another president or till new elections are called to elect a new president.
Prime Ministers Of Sri Lanka Since 1972
Junius Richard Jayewardene (1977-1978)
Jayewardene served as the prime minister of Sri Lanka from 1977-1978. He was born to a well-known Ceylonese family. He received his early education at Bishops College and later attended Royal College for his secondary education. He later he joined Colombo Law College and graduated as an advocate. In 1938 he became one of the activists in the Ceylon National Congress. He later became its secretary in 1940 and was elected to the colonial legislature in 1943 after he won the Kelaniya by-election. In the 1977 elections, Jayawardene replaced Sirimavo Bandaranayake as the prime minister of Sri Lanka.
Ranasinghe Premadasa (1978-1989)
Premadasa was born on June 23, 1923, at Dias Place in Colombo and attended both primary and post-primary education in Colombo and attended St.Joseph’s College for secondary education. He later joined the University of London. In 1955 he was elected the deputy mayor of Colombo, and also served as the minister for broadcasting in the 1960s. In the general election of 1965 saw Premadasa elected to parliament and was appointed government chief whip and later as the minister of local government. The elections of 1970, he was elected as an MP for Colombo central this time he was in the opposition and was appointed opposition chief whip. On February 23, 1978, when Jayewardene became the executive president of Sri Lanka, Premadasa became the prime minister serving until 1989 when he was elected the president of Sri Lanka.
Mahinda Rajapaksa (2004-2005)
Mahinda Rajapaksa was born on November 18, 1945, in the southern rural district of Hambantota. His father was one of the prominent politicians. He joined Richmond College in Galle and later on attended Nalanda College in Colombo. He also attended Thurstan College. He attended Colombo Law School and graduated in 1974 when he had served as a Member of Parliament because he was elected in 1970 when he was 24. In 1977, Rajapaksa lost the parliamentary seat and went to law practice, but in 1989 he was reelected to parliament. In 1994 he was nominated as minister of labor, and he held the position till 1977 when he was appointed the Minister of Fisheries and Aquatic resources. Following the 2001 election, when the UNP party was defeated, he was the named the leader of the opposition. However, in 2004 election the People’s Alliance won the parliamentary elections, and Rajapaksa was sworn on April 16, 2004, as the 13th prime minister of Sri Lanka
Dingiri Banda Wijetunga (1989-1993)
Lankabhimanya Dingiri Banda Wijetunga was born on February 5, 1916, and joined St. Andrew’s College in Gambola, and later worked as an inspector in a corporate department. He entered parliament for the first time in 1965 when he successfully contested. He lost the same seat on 1977 and claimed it again in 1977. He was appointed a minister of information and broadcasting. Between 1988 and 1989 he served as the Governor of North Western Province of Sri Lanka and on March 3,1989, he was appointed the Prime Minister when Premadasa was assassinated until May 7, 1993. President Premadasa awarded Wijetunga the country’s highest award of Civilian Sri Lankabhimanya in 1993. He later became the president of Sri Lanka.
Current Prime Minister Of Sri Lanka
The current Prime Minister of Sri Lanka is Ranil Wickremesinghe who was born on March 24, 1949 and was appointed by President Maithripala Sirisena on 9 January 2015. The appointment to the position of prime minister was the third time. The other two periods was 1993-1994 and in 2001-2004.
|Prime Ministers of the Republic of Sri Lanka||Term(s) in Office|
|Sirimavo Bandaranayake||1972-1977; 1994-2000|
|Junius Richard Jayewardene||1977-1978|
|Dingiri Banda Wijetunga||1989-1993|
|Ranil Wickremesinghe (Incumbent)||1993-1994; 2001-2004; 2015-Present|
|Chandrika Kumaratunga||August-November of 1994|
|Ratnasiri Wickremanayake||2000-2001; 2005-2010|
|D. M. Jayaratne||2010-2015|