India is a parliamentary democratic republic. The President of India serves as the head of state. Only an Indian citizen that is of the ages of 35 years or older is eligible to be elected and sworn in as the President in India. The members of two houses of the Parliament and the members of the Vidhan Sabha of all of the states elect him or her. The first President of India was Rajendra Prasad, who assumed the position in 1950.
Duties of the President of India
The President of India enjoys enormous power and has numerous duties, including making appointments for a variety of important posts. Some of these posts are of the Governors of States, the Chief Justice of India, Judges of Supreme Court and High Courts, Comptroller and Auditor General, Chief Election Commissioner, Chairman of the UPSC, Vice Chancellor and academic staff of central universities. His duty is also to protect the constitution of India. He also has vast executive powers to execute duties such as remaining thoroughly informed in regard to all of the affairs of the country to declare war, national emergency, financial emergency or imposition of President’s rule, if there is a serious threat to the internal security or external threat to the country. In India, the President is the head of the state and commander-in-chief of the military.
History of the Position
Since independence in 1947, many Presidents have served the nation with integrity and dedication, of which the most prolific name is the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad, who was a freedom fighter. He remained in his post for long 12 years. The second President of India was Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who within his small tenure of five years successfully left an incredible impression of his work. The country celebrates his birthday 5th September as Teacher’s day. Up to the present date, only four Presidents have been awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India. These are S Radhakrishnan, Rajendra Prasad, Zakir Hussain and Dr. A.P.J. Kalam.