Major Religions In Modern India

Around 4 in every 5 contemporary Indian citizens identified as Hindu in the most recent census.

Major Religions in Modern India

India is well-known as a very religious and spiritual country, in fact, religion is a way of life in India, and it is an essential element of the Indian belief system. For most of the Indians, religion transcends all aspects of life. For instance, it permeates politics, daily chores, and education. For this reason, India is the most diverse and religious country in the world. Religion in India functions as fundamental and ultimate responsibility in the life of almost all the citizens of the country.

More than 80% of the Indian population believes in Hinduism, 14% believes in Islam. Further, 2% of the population consists of Christians and Sikhs.There are other religions practiced in India, such as Buddhism, Jainism, Atheism, and other beliefs, which comprise of 1% percent of the population. The following are four major regions in modern India:


It is a universal religious custom, founded on the Vedas, and an immediate inheritor of the Vedic religion. Besides, it advanced from the monolithic beliefs into a mass of traditions for a time span of 1500 years. Hinduism includes lots of religious practices, which differ in practice, and consist of different philosophies and sects. It also contains a collection of deities but in the manifestation of only one Supreme Deity known as the Brahman. Conversely, it is assumed to be a polytheistic religion that believes in a particular universal essential tenet of the Hindu belief. It is the third biggest religion in the universe with about one billion followers.


Islam religion was introduced to India in the 8th century, where it contributed significantly to other cultural improvements of the existing cultures, and molded the Indian classical music. It also motivated an important tradition of the Arabic and Persian languages through literature both secular and religious. Apparently, there are approximately 130 million people in India who follow the religion of Islam, who mostly converted during the Mughal period, and reside in parts of western and northern India.


The Christian religion was introduced to India during the 1st century by the Christian missionary known as Saint Thomas. He converted many of Indians in the South, who have continued to practice Christianity to the present date. Christianity was advanced and strengthened through the coming of Jewish-Christians recognized as Knanaya people during the second century. The Roman Catholicism arrived in India during the colonization period that began in 1498 when Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese traveler came on the Indian coasts. In the early 1800s, missionary activities increased. In fact, Christianity is among the minority religions in India, comprising 2% of the county’s population. Further, it is most widespread in the western states like the Goa, northeastern regions such as Mizoram, and in South India.


Sikhism began in Punjab region around four hundred years ago. Since 2001, there are about 19.3 million of Sikhs in India. Most of them live in Punjab, which is the leading Sikh region in the world and contain the inherited homes of the Sikhs. Apparently, the largest part of Sikhs serves in the Indian Army. The Golden Temple, in Amritsar, is the most famous and popular Sikh Temple.

Major Religions In Modern India

Major Religions Of India Prevalence
Hinduism 80%
Islam 14%
Christianity 2%
Sikhism 2%
Buddhism 1%
Jainism. Atheism, and Other Beliefs 1%

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