China has established institutions of higher learning for many generations, and houses some that trace their origins to several centuries ago. These Universities have evolved through the years to become some of the major universities that have achieved local and international recognition. These universities are also members of the "C9 League", which is similar to the Ivy League of the US. Research institutions developed by the universities have been instrumental in developments in various areas of studies especially science and technology. Chinese universities, apart from being important educational and research institutions are also important cultural institutions.
5. Nanjing University -
Nanjing is a public university located in Nanjing and has been in existence since 258 Ad when it was named Nanking Taihsueh, and was renamed Nanjing University in 1948. The university enrolls more than 13,000 undergraduates and more than 12,000 postgraduates and employs more than 2000 members of academic staff. Nanjing is one of the oldest universities that rank as one of the top comprehensive research universities. Some of the notable personalities who have studied at the university include Wang Yifang, Chen Deming, Chen Deliang, Zeng Lianson, Kenneth Jinghwa Hsu, Cheng Cheh, Zhu Guangya and Feng Kang.
4. University of Science and Technology of China -
The University of Science and Technology of China is located in Hefei in Anhui Province. The university was established in 1958 by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The university is one of the leading national research universities in China focusing mainly on scientific and technological research. The university enrolls more than 15,000 students for Master's, Bachelor's, and Postgraduate programs. Xiaowei Zhuang, Tianxi Cai, Xi Yin, Jia-huai Wang, Liqun Luo, Yi Cui, Shan X. Wang, and Peidong Yang are some of the notable personalities from the University of Science and Technology of China.
3. Fudan University -
Fudan University was established in 1905 as Fudan Public School, shortly before the end of the Qing Dynasty's rule. Fudan has more than 31,000 students taking under graduate and postgraduate degrees and employs more than 5,800 administrative staff and 2,700 academic staff. Fudan has established exchange programs with about 200 universities from all over the world. The university consistently ranks as atop University. Fudan has four campuses namely Jiangwan, Fenglin, Handan, and Zhangjiang. Some notable personalities have graduated from the university including Yu Youren, Zhang Zhirang, Chen Zhili, Shao Lizi, Wang Huning, Li Yuanchao, Chen Yinke, Luqiu Luwei, Liam D’Archy Brown, and Zhu Kezhen.
2. Tsinghua University -
Tsinghua University is a public research university located in Beijing, and was established in 1911. The university is recognized and ranked as one of the top universities in China with great research and training capabilities. The university has affiliated branches including 12 campuses, 41 research institutes, 167 laboratories, and 35 research centers. Tsinghua enrolls more than 31,000 undergraduate and postgraduate students with more than 7000 staff. Notable alumni from the university include President Hu Jintao, Xi Jinping, Wu Bangguo, Zhu Rongji, Huang Ju, Tsung-Dao Lee, and Chen Ning.
1. Peking University -
Peking was established in Beijing in 1898 as a research university, and is famous for its beautiful traditional Chinese architecture. The university was initially named the Imperial university of Peking. More than 30,000 undergraduate and postgraduate students are enrolled into the university with more than 4000 academic staff. Peking has a number of affiliated organizations including two national engineering research centers, 12 national laboratories, and 126 research institutions. Hu Shih, Li Dazhao, Lu Xun, Yang Chen Ning, Hao Ping, Mao Zedong, and Chen Dixiu all attended the university.