Anemia is a condition that is commonly seen in women, children, and older people. This disorder is marked by low-level hemoglobin (red blood cells) in the blood. It is characterized by dizziness, fatigue, shortness of breath, and confusion. The person becomes pale in the later stages of the disorder.
Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia found in reproductive-age women around the world. The high prevalence of this disorder in women is found mostly in developing countries. Women of reproductive age suffer from this condition due to several underlying factors. These are induced by fibroids in menstruation; nematodes feeding caused by intestinal parasites; chronic blood loss due to gynecologic agitations; acute bleeds from gastrointestinal tract lesions; and acute blood loss from surgery.
In ten countries of the world, 50% or more women of reproductive age suffer from anemia. When detected as the cause of anemia, iron deficiency is already in an advanced state and may have already caused further disorders in the blood. This fact may also reduce rational and physical qualities in those affected with the disorder. In developing countries, anemia may have its roots from inadequate health practices. It may also originate from deep-seated social and cultural practices. Economic factors also influence anemia such as poor diet, alcoholism, frequently paid blood donations, and lead toxicity from poor residential environments.
Senegal leads many developing countries that have the highest percentage of women ages 15-49 who have anemia with 58% and counting. Malaria and parasite infection are the main causes of this condition in Senegal. Ghana ranks second with 56% of its women ages 15-49 suffering from anemia and its symptoms. Malnutrition and iron deficiency are the main causes of this disorder in Ghana. Mali ranks third with 56% of its reproductive-age women who have the disorder. Infections, parasite infections, and lack of adequate health information are the main causes of the condition. Togo ranks fourth with 53% of its reproductive-age women who also suffer from the disorder. Malnutrition and vitamin deficiency are a concern in the country. Uzbekistan ranks fifth with 52% of its women of reproductive age having the disorder. Infection, hemorrhage, genetic disorders, and chronic diseases are some factors contributing to anemia in the country. Pakistan ranks sixth with Gabon and the Congo Republic, with about 51% of its reproductive-age women also having the condition. Benin and Burkina Faso are next with about 50% of its women suffering from this disorder.
Impact and Prevention Of Anemia
The future generations depend on the health of women and educating them on the adverse effects of anemia is of utmost importance.The health of pregnant women could be affected by this unseen disorder. Postpartum anemia also affects women who have just given birth. Anemia is a health condition that brings iron deficiency to the pregnant woman and therefore also affects the unborn child. The mental development of the child is at stake as well. Studies have shown that an anemic child is at risk in relation to his abilities, achievements, and emotional outcomes.
Anemia could be prevented by a healthy diet of iron-rich foods such as meat, eggs, fish, and green leafy vegetables. In short, malnutrition is the major cause of this condition. Iron absorption is a problem when an individual has coffee and tea addiction. A decrease in these two beverages intake and an increase in Vitamin C could improve iron absorption.
Countries With The Highest Prevalence Of Anemia Among Women Of Reproductive Age
|Rank||Country||% Of Women of Ages 15-49 With Anemia (2011)|