Monaco is one of the world’s smallest nations, and is bordered on all sides by its larger neighbor France. It is relatively close to Italy and lies in the French department of Alpes-Maritimes. The only country that is considered smaller than Monaco is the Vatican. The nation has the Mediterranean Sea to the south and east. The nation has an estimated population of about 38,400 and a high population density of about 19,009 people per square kilometer. The Monte Carlo quartier has the highest population. Interestingly, the small nation has a nominal GDP of $ 6.5 billion and a GDP per capita of $168,000 making the nation one of the richest in the world. The number of millionaires in the country constitutes 30% of the population.
Water Bodies In Monaco
Monaco has insignificant inland water bodies as it has no rivers and lakes. The country has two ports on the Mediterranean Sea, namely Port Fontvieille and Port Hercules. The country also has no deserts, mountains, and plateaus. The nation has fishing as the only natural resource and no commercially viable agricultural industry. The state of Monaco occupies a land area of 0.780 square miles and has a very rugged landscape. The country’s coastline has several cliffs and the Larvotto and Monte Carlo as its beaches. The highest point in the country is in the Les Revoires ward, on the slopes of Mont Agel at 528 feet above sea level while the Mediterranean Sea is the lowest point. Monaco’s land border with France is about 3.4 miles while the coastline is 2.38 miles long. The width across the nation varies 5,577 and 1,145 feet. The nation has a maritime territory that extends 13.8 miles into the sea
Environment In Monaco
Monaco has beautiful natural scenery with a mild sunny climate and has sponsored several marine conservation programs. Monaco’s environment is entirely urban, and UN reports the country as having very good environment circumstances. Monaco has constantly been monitoring the levels of pollutants in water and air to ensure the safety of its citizen. About 1/5th of Monaco’s land area and two marine areas have received protection status from the environmental statutes. The government has also put up a system of air pollution which is controlled by Environment service, and the citizens are advised to use public transport to reduce the amount of gas emitted into the environment. Such similar techniques have also been employed to protect the country’s water supply. Similarly, noise levels in the country are closely monitored to ensure industry and transport noise is within safe levels.
The nation has in recent years embarked on a land reclamation program that has led to a 20% increase in the nation’s land area from an area of 0.762 square miles in 2005. The land reclamation project led to Port Hercules expansion. The reclamation did not only allow for the port's expansion but also created room for tourist facilities and an industrial zone. Plans are also underway to have the Fontvieille district extended by an addition 0.031 square miles.
About the Author
Benjamin Elisha Sawe holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Statistics and an MBA in Strategic Management. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor.
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