1. World Map/
  2. South America/
  3. Brazil/
  4. Brazil Timeline

Brazil History Timeline

1500s - 1600s

  • (1500) Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil, claimed for Portugal
  • (1540) Cabeza de Vaca appointed governor of Rio de la Plata
  • (1550) African slaves worked in sugar plantations
  • (1624) Dutch conquered Salvador
  • (1636) General Henrique Dias won decisive battle against Dutch
  • (1661) Holland sold Brazil to Portugal for 8 million guilders
1700s - 1800s
  • (1763) Capital changed from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro
  • (1789) Joaquim Jose da Silva Xavier initiated first Brazilian rebellion against Portugal
  • (1822) Brazil declared independence from Portugal
  • (1888) Slavery abolished, 4 million slaves were freed
  • (1889) Monarchy overthrown; republic established
  • (1930) Getulio Vargas head of provisional revolutionary government after revolt
  • (1931) Christ the Redeemer statue unveiled in Rio de Janeiro celebrating 100 years of independence
  • (1943) Brazil joined Allies in World War II
  • (1945) Vargas ousted in military coup; new constitution returned power to states
  • (1951) Vargas elected president
  • (1954) Vargas committed suicide after military gave him options of resigning or being overthrown
  • (1956-61) Juscelino Kubitschek became president, helped achieve rapid economic growth
  • (1960) Kubitschek moved capital to Brasilia
  • (1964-1985) Military dictatorship ruled Brazil
  • (1982) Brazil halted payment of main foreign debt; is among the world's largest
  • (1985) Tancredo Neves elected first civilian president
  • (1992) Earth Summit held in Rio
  • (1996) Police killed 19 Amazon peasants in Eldorado dos Carajas
  • (1997) Constitution changed to allow president to run for re-election
  • (2000) Brazil's 500th anniversary celebrations marred by protests by indigenous Indians
  • (2001) President Cardoso abolished two government development agencies for Amazon and country's northeast
  • (2002) Financial markets panic; Luiz Inacio "Lula" da Silva won presidential election; Brazil won 5th world cup
  • (2003) Alcantara rocket exploded, killed 21 people
  • (2004) Brazil applied for permanent seat on UN Security Council; first space rocket launched
  • (2005) Death squad killed 30 people; corruption allegations rocked the governing worker's party
  • (2006) President Lula re-elected
  • (2007) 1,000 people freed from sugar-cane plantation in the Amazon; country's worst air crash in San Paulo
  • (2008) Foot-and-mouth disease halted all imports of Brazilian beef
  • (2009) Brazil and France agreed to fight global warming
  • (2011) Dilma Vana Rousseff elected first female president of Brazil
  • (2011) Football (Soccer) player and three-time FIFA Player of the Year winner Ronaldo Luís Nazário de Lima retires

Brazil Photographs

pedro alvarez brazilian independence getulio vargas sugarcane plantation christ the redeemer

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries Of South America

This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.