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Angola Geography

Angola consists of four principle regions: an arid coastal lowland, hills and mountains that rise inland, a vast plain known as the high plateau (planalto), and rain forest.

The mostly flat coastal plain stretches inland for 30 to 100 miles into a belt of rolling hills and a series of scattered mountains.

The highest point of the country, Morro de Moco, peaks at 8,592 ft (2,620 m), and is located in the Ahaggar Mountains. Conversely, the lowest point of the country is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m).

Angola's elevated high plateau rises 4,000 to 6,000 ft. (1,200 to 1,800 m), lies to the east of the hills and mountains and dominates Angola's terrain.

The Zambezi River and several tributaries of the Congo River flow through Angola. Additional rivers of importance include the Cubango, Cuando and Cuango.

Also of note are the Kalandula Falls located on the Lucala River. At 344 ft. (105 m) the Kalandula are one of the largest waterfalls in Africa based on volume.

The Northern Angolan province of Cabinda is separated from the mainland by a narrow strip of land belonging to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.