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Peruvian Flag

Physical Map of Peru showing relief, mountains, major rivers, Lake Titicaca, important cities, neighbouring countries, etc.
Where is Peru?

Peru's Quick Facts

Land Area 1,279,996 km2
Water Area 5,220 km2
Total Area 1,285,216 km2
Population 30,741,062
Population Density 23.92 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $410.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $13,000
Currency Sol (PEN)
Largest Cities
  • Lima (10,719,188)
  • Arequipa (922,999)
  • Trujillo (864,633)
  • Chiclayo (637,255)
  • Piura (474,358)
  • Cusco (470,720)
  • Iquitos (469,582)
  • Chimbote (388,978)
  • Huancayo (386,366)
  • Tacna (320,453)
Flag of Peru

The current state flag of Peru was officially adopted on February 25, 1825.

The colors are said to symbolize the Incas and their lasting impact on the country. Also, red and white are the colors chosen by Jose de San Martin, The Liberator. The coat of arms (not shown on the national flag) features a llama and Cinchona tree, important symbols of Peru, and a centered cornucopia representing prosperity.

Larger Peru flag

Large selection of South American flags

peru coat of arms

The upper right section shows the cinchona tree. Cinchona trees are used to make quinine, which is a powerful anti-malaria drug. The lower section shows a cornucopia full of coins. These coins represent the mineral wealth of the country. The Holm Oak Civil crown above the shield signifies victory and glory.

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