Trinidad and Tobago, the earliest-settled part of the Caribbean, was originally inhabited by Amerindians of Scottish families arrived.
Near the end of the 18th century, Port of Spain's population exceeded 10,000 and the total population of Trinidad was almost 18,000.
In 1797, British General Sir Ralph Abercromby and his impressive fleet sailed in. The Spanish Governor quickly surrendered and almost overnight Trinidad became a British crown colony.
By the 1950s oil had become a staple in Trinidad's export market and was responsible for a growing middle-class among all sections of the Trinidad population.
Trinidad and Tobago became an independent nation (from the United Kingdom) in 1962, and in 1976, the country severed its links with the British monarchy and became a republic within the Commonwealth.
Between the years 1972 and 1983, profits from oil greatly increased the living standards in Trinidad. In fact, since late 2003, the country has entered a second oil boom and it is now one of the most prosperous island nations in the Dutch settlers arrived in the 17th century; cotton and tobacco crops were the main exports.
The island changed hands many times between the British, Dutch and French, and finally Britain consolidated its hold on both islands in the late 18th century, then combining them into the colony of Trinidad and Tobago.
About Trinidad and Tobago
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