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Trinidad and Tobago Geography

Map of Trinidad and Tobago
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Flag of Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago's Quick Facts

Land Area 5,128 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Area 5,128 km2
Population 1,220,479
Population Density 238.00 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $43.57 Billion
GDP Per Capita $31,900
Currency Dollar (TTD)
Largest Cities
  • Laventille (157,258)
  • Chaguanas (67,433)
  • Mon Repos (56,380)
  • San Fernando (55,419)
  • Port-of-Spain (49,031)
  • Rio Claro (35,650)
  • Arima (35,000)
  • Marabella (26,700)
  • Point Fortin (19,056)
  • Tunapuna (17,758)

Located just a few miles off the South American continent, Trinidad and Tobago are hilly islands with a few mountains of note.

Trinidad is crisscrossed by mountain ranges; the most dominant of these is the Northern Range. It is a rugged area of hills and peaks with the highest point being El Cerro del Aripo at 940 m (3,084 ft) high.

The lower Central Range spreads across the central area of the island, and in the far south a scattered group of hills border the southern coastline.

Trinidad is drained by numerous rivers and streams, with the Caroni and Ortoire rivers the most significant.

As for Tobago, there is a central ridge running down its spine, with some elevations exceeding 600 m (1,968 ft).

The island has numerous small rivers and streams, and its coastline is ringed by bays, beaches and a narrow coastal plain that rises into the hills.

Tobago has a number of small islands running along its eastern coastline.

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