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  5. Trinidad and Tobago Geography

Trinidad and Tobago Geography

Trinidad and Tobago's Information

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago
Land Area 5,128 km2
Total Area 5,128km2 (#164)
Population 1,220,479 (#158)
Population Density 238.00/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $43.57 Billion
GDP Per Capita $31,900
Currency Dollar (TTD)
Largest Cities

Located just a few miles off the South American continent, Trinidad and Tobago are hilly islands with a few mountains of note.

Trinidad is crisscrossed by mountain ranges; the most dominant of these is the Northern Range. It is a rugged area of hills and peaks with the highest point being El Cerro del Aripo at 940 m (3,084 ft) high.

The lower Central Range spreads across the central area of the island, and in the far south a scattered group of hills border the southern coastline.

Trinidad is drained by numerous rivers and streams, with the Caroni and Ortoire rivers the most significant.

As for Tobago, there is a central ridge running down its spine, with some elevations exceeding 600 m (1,968 ft).

The island has numerous small rivers and streams, and its coastline is ringed by bays, beaches and a narrow coastal plain that rises into the hills.

Tobago has a number of small islands running along its eastern coastline.

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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