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Anguilla History Timeline

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Anguilla's Information

Flag of Anguilla
Land Area 91 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Area 91 km2
Population 16,752
Population Density 184.09 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy (House Of Assembly); Self-Governing Overseas Territory Of The Uk
GDP (PPP) $175.40 Million
GDP Per Capita $12,200
Currency Dollar (XCD)
Largest Cities
  • The Valley (2,035)

1300s BC

  • (1300 BC) Anguilla first settled by Amerindian tribes who migrated from South America
300 AD - 1600s
  • (300 AD) Arawak Indians settled in Anguilla
  • (1565) French explorer, Pierri Oaudonnaire, visited the island
  • (1631) Dutch built a fort on Anguilla
  • (1650) Anguilla colonized by the British from the neighboring island of Saint Kitts; began growing tobacco and corn
  • (1656) Carib Indians destroyed the explorers' settlements
  • (1666) French forces overtook the island
  • (1667) Treaty of Breda returned British rule
  • (1683) African slaves arrived in Anguilla
1700s
  • (1700's) Anguilla administered by the British through Antigua
  • (1744) Anguilla launched assaults on its own, overtook French half of the island of Martinique
  • (1748) Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle returned Martinique to French
1800s
  • (1800's) Plantations developed, but failed
  • (1824) Britain placed Anguilla under administrative control of Saint Kitts
  • (1830's) St. Kitts, Nevis, and Anguilla united as one
  • (1833) Emancipation act passed
  • (1838) Slavery on the island ended
  • (1871) Anguilla became a federation
1900s
  • (1958) St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla became part of the Federation of the West Indies
  • (1962) Federation of the West Indies collapsed
  • (1967) Saint Kitts-Nevis granted internal autonomy with Anguilla incorporated into new dependency; Anguillans protested. Anguilla voted for secession.
  • (1968) Royal St. Kitts police left Anguilla
  • (1969) Anguilla delcared itself an independence republic
  • (1971) British authority fully restored
  • (1976) New constitution for Anguilla provided for separate administration and a government of elected representatives
  • (1980) Associated state of St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla ended; Anguilla became its own British-Dependent territory
  • (1982) New Anguillan constitution took effect
  • (1998) Hurricane George struck, caused destruction and numerous deaths
2000s
  • (2005) Anguilla held general elections
  • (2009) Anguilla competed at World Championships in athletics in Berlin

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