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Norwegian Flag

Physical Map of Norway showing relief, international boundaries, major rivers, mountain ranges, extreme points, important cities, islands, etc.
Where is Norway?

Flag of Norway

Norway's Quick Facts

Land Area 304,282 km2
Water Area 19,520 km2
Total Area 323,802 km2
Population 5,265,158
Population Density 16.26 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $365.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $69,300
Currency Krone (NOK)
Largest Cities
  • Oslo (1,041,378)

Norway Flag:

Flag of Norway

Officially adopted on July 17, 1821, the red, white and blue colors are said to be influenced by the French Tricolore (as a symbol of liberty). Inspiration also came from the flags of both the United Kingdom and the United States of America.

Larger Norway flag

Norway Coat of Arms:
Flag of Norway

The National Coat of Arms dates from the Middle Ages and features an upright, yellow crowned lion, holding a white and yellow axe on a red, triangle-shaped field.

It's one of the oldest in all of Europe and originated as a personal coat of arms for the royal family. After slight adjustments over time, the current version shown was approved by the King of Norway on May 20, 1992.

Norwegian Anthem:

  • Anthem Title:, Ja, vi elsker dette landet (Yes, we love this country)
  • Composer: Rikard Nordraak
  • Lyricist: Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson
  • Year of Completion: 1864
  • Date of First Performance: May 17th, 1864

The currently recognized national anthem of Norway is Ja, vi elsker dette landet (Yes, we love this country), also called "Song for Norway". The song has held the status of being Norway's national anthem since the earlier parts of the 20th century. No official national anthems are recognized in Norway, but multiple anthems have been publicly recognized for a span of almost 200 years.

Bjørnstierne Bjørnson wrote the lyrics during the period of 1859 up to 1868. Bjørnson's first cousin, Rikard Nordraak, was responsible for the melodic composition of the song, which he created from 1863 to 1864. Bjørnson originally included lyrics that hailed King Charles IV. However, due to international conflicts in 1864, Bjørnson decided to remove all lyrics that paid tribute to the king.

The first public performance of the song was held on May 17th, 1864, during the celebration of the 50th anniversary of Norway's constitution. The first and last two stanzes of the songs are the only ones that are commonly sung.

Sønner ay Norge
and Norges Skaal were the most widely recognized national anthems of Norway until the middle part of the 1860s. However, until the beginning of the 20th century, both songs were sung alongside each other, with official events using Sønner av Norge.

In 2011, the media started dubbing Ole Paus' Mitt lille land as the "new" national anthem of the country, with the song being played countless of times after the 2011 Norway attacks occurred. Despite what the media has portrayed, Ja, vi elsker dette landet still remains as the most widely recognized national anthem by the Norwegian people.

The song is also met with controversy due to the fact that it was used as an anthem by Nazi collaborators for propaganda. Over time, Germans banned the use of Ja, vi elsker dette landet.


Ja, vi elsker dette landet (Norwegian)

Ja, vi elsker dette landet,

som det stiger frem,

furet, værbitt over vannet,

med de tusen hjem, —

elsker, elsker det og tenker

på vår far og mor

og den saganatt som senker

drømmer på vår jord.

Og den saganatt som senker,

senker drømmer på vår jord.

Norske mann i hus og hytte,

takk din store Gud!

Landet ville han beskytte,

skjønt det mørkt så ut.

Alt, hva fedrene har kjempet,

mødrene har grett,

har den Herre stille lempet,

vi vant vår rett.

Ja, vi elsker dette landet,

som det stiger frem,

furet, værbitt over vannet,

med de tusen hjem.

Og som fedres kamp har hevet

det av nød til seir,

også vi, når det blir krevet,

for dets fred slår leir.

Translated Lyrics:

Yes, we love this country

Yes, we love this country

as it rises forth,

rugged, weathered, above the sea,

with the thousands of homes.

Love, love it and think

of our father and mother

and the saga night that sends

dreams to our earth.

And the saga night that sends,

dreams to our earth.

Norwegian man in house and cabin,

thank your great God!

The country he wanted to protect,

although things looked dark.

All the fights fathers have fought,

and the mothers have wept,

the Lord has quietly moved

so we won our rights.

Yes, we love this country

as it rises forth,

rugged, weathered, above the sea,

with those thousand homes.

And as the fathers' struggle has raised

it from need to victory,

even we, when it is demanded,

for its peace will encamp (for defence).

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