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Monaco History Timeline

Monaco's Information

Flag of Monaco
Land Area 2 km2
Total Area 2km2 (#193)
Population 30,581 (#216)
Population Density 15,290.50/km2
Government Type Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $7.67 Billion
GDP Per Capita $115,700
Currency Euro (EUR)
1200s – 1800s
  • (1297) Francois Grimaldi (Francois the Crafty), a member of exiled family from Genoa, disguised as monk, seized the fortress on the Rock of Monaco
  • (1400's) Duke of Savoy, the Pope and king of France recognized Monaco's sovereignty
  • (1524-1641) Grimaldi family, allied with Spain and Monaco, under Spanish protection
  • (1793) French Revolution; Grimaldi family deposed, unification with France followed
  • (1814) Monaco returned to the Grimaldi family; Monaco became Sardinian protectorate
  • (1861) Under Franco-Monegasque treaty Monaco's independence restored
  • (1863) Prince Charles III built casino of Monte Carlo
  • (1911) Monaco's first constitution drafted
  • (1918) Treaty with France established that Monaco would be an autonomous French state when the Grimaldis die
  • (1929) First Monaco Grand Prix
  • (1949) Prince Rainier III succeeded his grandfather, Prince Louis II; the principality of Monaco joined UNESCO; Prince Rainer III crowned 30th Monarch of Monaco
  • (1956) American actress Grace Kelly married Prince Rainer III of Monaco
  • (1963) French residents of Monaco liable for French taxes
  • (1982) Princess Grace of Monaco died of injuries from a car crash near Monte-Carlo
  • (1993) Monaco joined the United Nations as smallest member state
  • (2002) Monaco amended its constitution, new succession law passed, designed to keep the Grimaldi family on the throne even if Crown Prince Albert fathers no heir
  • (2004) Monaco placed on OECD blacklist of uncooperative tax havens
  • (2005) Prince Rainer III died; Prince Albert II formally installed as ruler of Monaco
  • (2008) In parliamentary elections, incumbent government was reelected
  • (2009) OECD removed Monaco from blacklist of uncooperative tax havens; Monaco's population about 33,000
  • (2011) Prince Albert II married Charlene Wittstock
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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