Coat of Arms: Italy's emblem has been the symbol of the Italian Republic since 5 May 1948.
The emblem comprises a white five-pointed star, with a red
border, superimposed on a five-spoked cogwheel which stands between an
olive branch on its left and a branch of oak on its right; the branches
in turn are bound by a red ribbon bearing the legend "REPVBBLICA
ITALIANA" (Italian Republic)
Motto: "L'Italia e' una Repubblica democratica, fondata sul lavoro." "Italy is a democratic Republic, founded on labor."
National Anthem: "Il Canto degli Italiani" (The Song of the Italians), was written in 1847, with lyrics by Goffredo Mameli.
Subsequently, the song is often known as L'Inno di Mameli (Mameli's Hymn).
When Italy united as a nation in 1861, the song was then known as the
"March of the House of Savoy" and it became the official Anthem in 1947,
one year after Italy was proclaimed a Republic.