The Estonia flag was officially adopted on May 8, 1990.
The color blue represents loyalty, and the country's beautiful blue skies, seas and lakes; black is symbolic of past oppression and the fertile soil, and white represents virtue, winter snows, and Estonia's long struggle for freedom and independence.
Estonia Coat of Arms:
Estonia's coat of arms is a golden shield, surrounded by oak branches, with three blue lions stacked on top of each other.
The first of the three lions symbolizes the courage in the fight for freedom during ancient times, the second for courage in the uprisings in Harjumaa, and the third for courage in the fight for freedom during modern times. The oak branches represent perseverance and strength.