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Physical Map of Austria showing terrain, major rivers, extreme points, mountain ranges, Lake Neusiedler, important cities, international boundaries, etc.
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Flag of Austria

Austria's Quick Facts

Land Area 82,445 km2
Water Area 1,426 km2
Total Area 83,871 km2
Population 8,711,770
Population Density 103.87 / km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $417.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $47,900
Currency Euro (EUR)
Largest Cities
  • Wien (Vienna) (1,929,944)
Austria Flag:
Flag of Austria

The Austrian flag, originally adopted in 1918, was officially adopted in 1945, after being banned during World War II.

Stripes of red and white have been a collective emblem of Austria for over 800 years, and their first usage on the flag occurred in 1191.

According to long established legend, the red and white flag (above) was designed to resemble the bloodstained white coat worn by the Duke of Austria during a fierce battle.

Larger Austria flag

Austria Coat of Arms:
Flag of Austria

Austria's coat of arms consists of a black eagle with broken chains around its legs, and a sickle and hammer in its talons. The broken chains represent liberation from the National Socialist dictatorship, the sickle for agriculture, and the hammer for industry.

A red and white shield protects the front of the eagle, and a mural crown rests on its head.

Austrian Anthem:

  • Anthem Title: Land de Berge, Land am Strome
  • Composer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • Lyricist: Paula von Preradović
  • Year of Completion: 1947
  • Date of Adoption: February 25, 1947

The national anthem of Austria is

Land de Berge, Land am Strome

(Land of the mountains, land on the river.)

One of the few national anthems with lyrics written by a woman (Paula von Preradović),

Land de Berge, Land am Strome

was created after World War II. Initially,

Sei gesegnet ohne Ende

, sung to the tune of


by Haydn, was the national anthem of Austria.

The Third Reich used the same anthem during the war, albeit with different lyrics. Once the war was over, the original anthem was banned from being sung, and in order to steer clear of any negative associations with the Third Reich,

Land de Berge, Land am Strome

was created, sung to the tune of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's last complete work,

Freimaurerkantate, K. 623.

On October 22nd, 1946, the tune of

Land de Berge, Land am Strome

was official declared Austria's national anthem. The lyrics were confimred on February 25, 1947. After numerous attempts during the 1990s, some of the anthem's lyrics were changed to become gender-neutral on January 1st, 2012.

austrian hungary flag Austria-Hungary flag, 1869-1918


Land der Berge, Land am Strome

Land der Berge, Land am Strome,

Land der Äcker, Land der Dome,

Land der Hämmer, zukunftsreich!

Heimat großer Töchter und Söhne,

Volk, begnadet für das Schöne,

Vielgerühmtes Österreich,

Vielgerühmtes Österreich!

Heiß umfehdet, wild umstritten,

Liegst dem Erdteil du inmitten

Einem starken Herzen gleich.

Hast seit frühen Ahnentagen

Hoher Sendung Last getragen,

Vielgeprüftes Österreich,

Vielgeprüftes Österreich.

Mutig in die neuen Zeiten,

Frei und gläubig sieh uns schreiten,

Arbeitsfroh und hoffnungsreich.

Einig laß in Jubelchören,

Vaterland, dir Treue schwören.

Vielgeliebtes Österreich,

Vielgeliebtes Österreich.

Translated Lyrics:

Land of the Mountains, Land on the River

Land of mountains, land by the stream,

Land of fields, land of cathedrals,

Land of hammers, with a promising future,

Home to great daughters and sons,

A nation highly blessed with beauty,

Much-praised Austria,

Much-praised Austria!

Strongly feuded for, fiercely hard-fought for,

Thou liest in the middle of the continent

Like a strong heart,

Since the early days of the ancestors thou hast

Borne the burden of a high mission,

Much tried Austria,

Much tried Austria.

Bravely towards the new ages

See us striding, free, and faithful,

Assiduous and full of hope,

Unified, in jubilation choirs, let us

Pledge allegiance to thee, Fatherland

Much beloved Austria,

Much beloved Austria.

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