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Cambodia

Cambodia's Information

Flag of Cambodia
Land Area 176,515 km2
Water Area 4,520 km2
Total Area 181,035km2 (#88)
Population 15,957,223 (#68)
Population Density 90.40/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $58.94 Billion
GDP Per Capita $3,700
Currency Riels (KHR)
Largest Cities

Located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in southeast Asia, the Kingdom of Cambodia can trace its history back to Neolithic times, when it was first inhabited around 2000 BC.

As one of the earliest known kingdoms to the region, the Funans rose to power in the 1st century AD, and flourished through the 6th century.

Under the guidance of Fan Shih-man in the early 3rd century, the Funan Kingdom extended its boundary lines as far south as Malaysia and then west towards Burma, establishing a powerful organization of commercial monopolies, setting the way for future empires within the region.

Following the death of ruler Jayavarman I in 681, the kingdom was broken up into several principalities dominated by the Malayans and Javanese.

During the 12th century the Khmer Empire dominated the region, becoming Southeast Asia's largest empire. Conquests brought on by the Khmers were nearly unstoppable, and Angkor (the largest pre-industrial city in the world at the time) was built as the empire's center of power.

The Khmer Empire began to gradually decline through the 13th century, and Angkor was completely abandoned in 1432 following an attack by the Ayutthaya Kingdom. Subsequently, the economy within the region faltered, and Cambodia reached an age of darkness that lasted until the 19th century.

Cambodia was placed under French ruling by King Norodom in 1863, and remained a protectorate until 1953 when, with the help of successor King Norodom Sihanouk, Cambodia finally received their independence.

As a new country, Cambodia established itself as a constitutional monarchy, and tried to uphold a policy of neutrality.

However, as the eastern provinces of Cambodia served as bases for the North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong (NVA/VC) forces operating against South Vietnam in the 1960s, the country found itself on the brink of war as the United States began target bombing sections of the NVA/VC.

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.

Cambodia Trivia

What Languages Are Spoken In Cambodia?

Cambodia has a single official language which is Khmer. It is spoken by nearly 90% of the country's population. The language is used in government, administration, education, media, and more. After the Vietnamese language, Khmer is also the second most widely spoken Austroasiatic language.

What Language Is Spoken In Cambodia?

Which Is The Most Populous City In Cambodia?

Phnom Penh, the capital city of Cambodia, is the most populous city in the country with a population of more than 1.5 million residents. Phnom Penh is situated at the meeting point of the Tonle Sap River and Mekong River in the southern region of Cambodia.

Biggest Cities In Cambodia

What Kind of Government Does Cambodia Have?

Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy, where the Monarch is head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government.

What Type Of Government Does Cambodia Have?

What Kind of Economy Does Cambodia Have?

Tourism and textile manufacturing industries are the mainstay of Cambodia's economy. The country also has vibrant service-oriented industries especially in catering and trading related activities.

The Economy Of Cambodia

What are the Ecological Regions of Cambodia?

Indochinese mountains, forests, and the Mekong River embody the physical landscape and habitats of Cambodia. Ecological regions include the Annamite Range Moist Forests and the Central Indochina Dry Forests.

Ecological Regions Of Cambodia

What are the ethnic groups of Cambodia?

Khmer makes up about 91% of the population followed by Vietnamese and Chinese at 3% and 1% respectively.

Ethnic Groups In Cambodia

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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