1. Home
  2. Asia
  3. Cambodia

Cambodia History Timeline

Map of Cambodia
Locator Map of Cambodia arctic ocean pacific ocean indian ocean australia oceania tropic of capricorn tropic of cancer arctic circle equator africa europe black sea caspian aral sea red sea gulf of aden bay of bengal arabian sea middle east mediterranean sea asia

Cambodia's Information

Flag of Cambodia
Land Area 176,515 km2
Water Area 4,520 km2
Total Area 181,035 km2
Population 15,957,223
Population Density 88.14 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $58.94 Billion
GDP Per Capita $3,700
Currency Riels (KHR)
Largest Cities
  • Phnom Penh (1,573,544)
  • Takeo (843,931)
  • Sihanoukville (156,691)
  • Battambang (150,444)
  • Siem Reap (139,458)
  • Paoy Pet (79,000)
  • Kampong Chhnang (75,244)
  • Kampong Cham (61,750)
  • Pursat (52,476)
  • Ta Khmau (52,066)

800 - 1700s

  • (800s - 1500s) Cambodia was part of Khmer Empire
  • (1132) King Suryavarman II failed at an attempt to invade Vietnam
  • (1177) Cham invaders took control of Yasodharapura, the capital, executed the king
  • (1238) Thai chieftains from Sukhothai established independent Sukhothai Kingdom
  • (1431) Thai invaded Angkor
  • (1593) King Sattha requested protection against the Thai from governor of the Philippines
  • (1594) Cambodian capital of Lovek captured by Thai
  • (1594) King Sattha died
  • (1597) Son of King Sattha appointed to the throne by Spain
  • (1599) Malay mercenaries murdered Spanish soldiers in Cambodia
  • (1623) Vietnamese refugees allowed to settle in Prey Nokor
  • (1659) Vietnam invaded Cambodia following civil war
  • (1690) Vietnam annexed Cambodia
  • (1749) Mekong Delta conquered by Vietnamese
  • (1779) Thais installed new Khmer king, Ang Eng
1800 - 1900
  • (1820) Khmer revolt against Vietnamese rule
  • (1841) Ang Guong became king
  • (1851) Vietnamese occupation overthrown by Cambodia
  • (1860) King Ang Duong died, son Norodom became king
  • (1863) Cambodia became protectorate of France
  • (1887) Cambodia incorporated into Indochinese Union
  • (1941) Prince Norodom Sihanouk became king
  • (1941 - 1945) Japan occupied Cambodia during World War II
  • (1946) France reimposed protectorate
  • (1946) Cambodians allowed to form political parties under new constitution
  • (1946) Armed campaign against France begun by Communist guerrillas
  • (1953) Cambodia won independence, became Kingdom of Cambodia
  • (1955) King Sihanouk abdicated throne and became prime minister, his father, Norodom Suramarit, became king
  • (1960) King Norodom Suramarit died, Sihanouk became head of state
  • (1963) Cambodia severed ties with South Vietnam
  • (1965) Sihanouk broke off relations with United States, allowed North Vietnamese guerillas to set up bases
  • (1969) U.S. began bombing campaign in Cambodia against North Vietnamese forces
  • (1970) Prime Minister General Lon Noi staged coup, deposed Sihanouk. Lon Noi assumed power, proclaimed Khmer Republic
  • (1970) Lon Noi sent forces to fight North Vietnamese in Cambodia
  • (1970) While in exile in China, Sihanouk formed guerrilla movement
  • (1975) Lon Noi overthrown by Pol Pot. Sihanouk became head of state, country renamed Kampuchea
  • (1975) City residents evacuated to country to become agricultural workers, currency became worthless, basic freedoms were reduced, religion banned
  • (1975 - 1978) Middle-class citizens tortured, executed, others starved to death or died from disease; death toll estimated at over 1.7 million
  • (1976) Country renamed Democratic Kampuchea
  • (1976) Sihanouk resigned, Khieu Samphan became head of state, Pol Pot became prime minister
  • (1977) Fighting with Vietnam began
  • (1979) Cambodian-Vietnamese War: Phnom Penh captured by Vietnamese, People's Republic of Kampuchea established
  • (1981) National Assembly elections won by pro-Vietnamese Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party

1900s continued

  • (1985) Hun Sen became prime minister
  • (1989) Vietnamese troops withdrew. County renamed State of Cambodia. Buddhism reestablished as state religion
  • (1991) Peace agreement signed in Paris, Sihanouk became head of state
  • (1993) Three-party coalition formed, Norodom Ranariddh became prime minister, Sihanouk reappointed as king
  • (1993) Country renamed Kingdom of Cambodia
  • (1994) During government amnesty, thousands of Khmer Rouge guerrillas surrendered
  • (1997) Deputy Prime Minister, Hun Sen, staged coup against Prime Minister Ranariddh, replaced by Ung Huot
  • (1997) Khmer Rouge tried Pol Pot, sentenced him to life in prison
  • (1998) Prime Minister Ranariddh tried in absentia, found guilty of arms smuggling, pardoned by King Sihanouk
  • (1998) Pol Pot died while in hiding
  • (1998) In elections, Hun Sen became prime minister, Ranariddh president of National Assembly
  • (2003) Diplomatic upset occurred with Thailand following comments by Thai TV star that Angkor Wat temple complex stolen from Thailand
  • (2003) Thai Embassy in Phnom Penh attacked following TV star's comments
  • (2004) Prime Minister Hun Sen reelected
  • (2004) Cambodia became member of World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • (2004) King Sihanouk abdicated, succeeded by son, Norodom Sihamoni
  • (2005) Prime Minister Hun Sen signed controversial border agreement with Vietnam
  • (2008) Troops from Cambodia and Thailand moved to disputed land near ancient Preah Vihear temple
  • (2008) Fire exchange in disputed border area between Cambodia and Thai troops killed two Cambodian soldiers
  • (2009) Cambodia sent 20 asylum-seekers back to China
  • (2009) China increased aid to Cambodia
  • (2010) Diplomatic relations were resumed with Thailand
  • (2011) Cambodia brought espionage charges against two Thai citizens arrested after crossing disputed border
  • (2011) Cambodian, Thai forces exchanged fire at disputed border area
  • (2011) Cambodia, Thailand agreed to withdraw troops from disputed area
  • (2012) Genocide Court sentenced Khmer Rouge jailer to life in prison for his role in running prison where at least 15,000 men, women, children were killed
  • (2012) ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) met in Phnom Penh over North Korea's planned rocket attack
  • (2012) Government suspended granting land to private companies for development
  • (2012) Former King, Norodom Sihanouk, died of heart attack
  • (2012) Government approved Lower Sesan 2 hydroelectric dam project on Mekong tributary
  • (2013) Bill passed in Parliament making denial of atrocities committed by Khmer Rouge in the 1970s illegal
  • (2013) In Parliamentary elections, ruling party claimed victory, opposition alleged irregularities
  • (2013) Protests held in Phnom Penh over election results
  • (2013) Parliament approved five-year term for Hun Sen
  • (2014) Authorities evicted anti-government protesters from public square, banned all public gatherings
  • (2014) Security forces killed three during protest by garment workers demanding higher wages

Latest by WorldAtlas