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Cambodia History Timeline

Map of Cambodia
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Cambodia's Information

Flag of Cambodia
Land Area 176,515 km2
Water Area 4,520 km2
Total Area 181,035 km2
Population 15,957,223
Population Density 88.14 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $58.94 Billion
GDP Per Capita $3,700
Currency Riels (KHR)
Largest Cities
  • Phnom Penh (1,573,544)
  • Takeo (843,931)
  • Sihanoukville (156,691)
  • Battambang (150,444)
  • Siem Reap (139,458)
  • Paoy Pet (79,000)
  • Kampong Chhnang (75,244)
  • Kampong Cham (61,750)
  • Pursat (52,476)
  • Ta Khmau (52,066)

800 - 1700s

  • (800s - 1500s) Cambodia was part of Khmer Empire
  • (1132) King Suryavarman II failed at an attempt to invade Vietnam
  • (1177) Cham invaders took control of Yasodharapura, the capital, executed the king
  • (1238) Thai chieftains from Sukhothai established independent Sukhothai Kingdom
  • (1431) Thai invaded Angkor
  • (1593) King Sattha requested protection against the Thai from governor of the Philippines
  • (1594) Cambodian capital of Lovek captured by Thai
  • (1594) King Sattha died
  • (1597) Son of King Sattha appointed to the throne by Spain
  • (1599) Malay mercenaries murdered Spanish soldiers in Cambodia
  • (1623) Vietnamese refugees allowed to settle in Prey Nokor
  • (1659) Vietnam invaded Cambodia following civil war
  • (1690) Vietnam annexed Cambodia
  • (1749) Mekong Delta conquered by Vietnamese
  • (1779) Thais installed new Khmer king, Ang Eng
1800 - 1900
  • (1820) Khmer revolt against Vietnamese rule
  • (1841) Ang Guong became king
  • (1851) Vietnamese occupation overthrown by Cambodia
  • (1860) King Ang Duong died, son Norodom became king
  • (1863) Cambodia became protectorate of France
  • (1887) Cambodia incorporated into Indochinese Union
  • (1941) Prince Norodom Sihanouk became king
  • (1941 - 1945) Japan occupied Cambodia during World War II
  • (1946) France reimposed protectorate
  • (1946) Cambodians allowed to form political parties under new constitution
  • (1946) Armed campaign against France begun by Communist guerrillas
  • (1953) Cambodia won independence, became Kingdom of Cambodia
  • (1955) King Sihanouk abdicated throne and became prime minister, his father, Norodom Suramarit, became king
  • (1960) King Norodom Suramarit died, Sihanouk became head of state
  • (1963) Cambodia severed ties with South Vietnam
  • (1965) Sihanouk broke off relations with United States, allowed North Vietnamese guerillas to set up bases
  • (1969) U.S. began bombing campaign in Cambodia against North Vietnamese forces
  • (1970) Prime Minister General Lon Noi staged coup, deposed Sihanouk. Lon Noi assumed power, proclaimed Khmer Republic
  • (1970) Lon Noi sent forces to fight North Vietnamese in Cambodia
  • (1970) While in exile in China, Sihanouk formed guerrilla movement
  • (1975) Lon Noi overthrown by Pol Pot. Sihanouk became head of state, country renamed Kampuchea
  • (1975) City residents evacuated to country to become agricultural workers, currency became worthless, basic freedoms were reduced, religion banned
  • (1975 - 1978) Middle-class citizens tortured, executed, others starved to death or died from disease; death toll estimated at over 1.7 million
  • (1976) Country renamed Democratic Kampuchea
  • (1976) Sihanouk resigned, Khieu Samphan became head of state, Pol Pot became prime minister
  • (1977) Fighting with Vietnam began
  • (1979) Cambodian-Vietnamese War: Phnom Penh captured by Vietnamese, People's Republic of Kampuchea established
  • (1981) National Assembly elections won by pro-Vietnamese Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party

1900s continued

  • (1985) Hun Sen became prime minister
  • (1989) Vietnamese troops withdrew. County renamed State of Cambodia. Buddhism reestablished as state religion
  • (1991) Peace agreement signed in Paris, Sihanouk became head of state
  • (1993) Three-party coalition formed, Norodom Ranariddh became prime minister, Sihanouk reappointed as king
  • (1993) Country renamed Kingdom of Cambodia
  • (1994) During government amnesty, thousands of Khmer Rouge guerrillas surrendered
  • (1997) Deputy Prime Minister, Hun Sen, staged coup against Prime Minister Ranariddh, replaced by Ung Huot
  • (1997) Khmer Rouge tried Pol Pot, sentenced him to life in prison
  • (1998) Prime Minister Ranariddh tried in absentia, found guilty of arms smuggling, pardoned by King Sihanouk
  • (1998) Pol Pot died while in hiding
  • (1998) In elections, Hun Sen became prime minister, Ranariddh president of National Assembly
2000s
  • (2003) Diplomatic upset occurred with Thailand following comments by Thai TV star that Angkor Wat temple complex stolen from Thailand
  • (2003) Thai Embassy in Phnom Penh attacked following TV star's comments
  • (2004) Prime Minister Hun Sen reelected
  • (2004) Cambodia became member of World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • (2004) King Sihanouk abdicated, succeeded by son, Norodom Sihamoni
  • (2005) Prime Minister Hun Sen signed controversial border agreement with Vietnam
  • (2008) Troops from Cambodia and Thailand moved to disputed land near ancient Preah Vihear temple
  • (2008) Fire exchange in disputed border area between Cambodia and Thai troops killed two Cambodian soldiers
  • (2009) Cambodia sent 20 asylum-seekers back to China
  • (2009) China increased aid to Cambodia
  • (2010) Diplomatic relations were resumed with Thailand
  • (2011) Cambodia brought espionage charges against two Thai citizens arrested after crossing disputed border
  • (2011) Cambodian, Thai forces exchanged fire at disputed border area
  • (2011) Cambodia, Thailand agreed to withdraw troops from disputed area
  • (2012) Genocide Court sentenced Khmer Rouge jailer to life in prison for his role in running prison where at least 15,000 men, women, children were killed
  • (2012) ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) met in Phnom Penh over North Korea's planned rocket attack
  • (2012) Government suspended granting land to private companies for development
  • (2012) Former King, Norodom Sihanouk, died of heart attack
  • (2012) Government approved Lower Sesan 2 hydroelectric dam project on Mekong tributary
  • (2013) Bill passed in Parliament making denial of atrocities committed by Khmer Rouge in the 1970s illegal
  • (2013) In Parliamentary elections, ruling party claimed victory, opposition alleged irregularities
  • (2013) Protests held in Phnom Penh over election results
  • (2013) Parliament approved five-year term for Hun Sen
  • (2014) Authorities evicted anti-government protesters from public square, banned all public gatherings
  • (2014) Security forces killed three during protest by garment workers demanding higher wages

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