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Cambodia History Timeline

Cambodia's Information

Flag of Cambodia
Land Area 176,515 km2
Water Area 4,520 km2
Total Area 181,035km2 (#88)
Population 15,957,223 (#68)
Population Density 90.40/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $58.94 Billion
GDP Per Capita $3,700
Currency Riels (KHR)
Largest Cities

800 - 1700s

  • (800s - 1500s) Cambodia was part of Khmer Empire
  • (1132) King Suryavarman II failed at an attempt to invade Vietnam
  • (1177) Cham invaders took control of Yasodharapura, the capital, executed the king
  • (1238) Thai chieftains from Sukhothai established independent Sukhothai Kingdom
  • (1431) Thai invaded Angkor
  • (1593) King Sattha requested protection against the Thai from governor of the Philippines
  • (1594) Cambodian capital of Lovek captured by Thai
  • (1594) King Sattha died
  • (1597) Son of King Sattha appointed to the throne by Spain
  • (1599) Malay mercenaries murdered Spanish soldiers in Cambodia
  • (1623) Vietnamese refugees allowed to settle in Prey Nokor
  • (1659) Vietnam invaded Cambodia following civil war
  • (1690) Vietnam annexed Cambodia
  • (1749) Mekong Delta conquered by Vietnamese
  • (1779) Thais installed new Khmer king, Ang Eng
1800 - 1900
  • (1820) Khmer revolt against Vietnamese rule
  • (1841) Ang Guong became king
  • (1851) Vietnamese occupation overthrown by Cambodia
  • (1860) King Ang Duong died, son Norodom became king
  • (1863) Cambodia became protectorate of France
  • (1887) Cambodia incorporated into Indochinese Union
  • (1941) Prince Norodom Sihanouk became king
  • (1941 - 1945) Japan occupied Cambodia during World War II
  • (1946) France reimposed protectorate
  • (1946) Cambodians allowed to form political parties under new constitution
  • (1946) Armed campaign against France begun by Communist guerrillas
  • (1953) Cambodia won independence, became Kingdom of Cambodia
  • (1955) King Sihanouk abdicated throne and became prime minister, his father, Norodom Suramarit, became king
  • (1960) King Norodom Suramarit died, Sihanouk became head of state
  • (1963) Cambodia severed ties with South Vietnam
  • (1965) Sihanouk broke off relations with United States, allowed North Vietnamese guerillas to set up bases
  • (1969) U.S. began bombing campaign in Cambodia against North Vietnamese forces
  • (1970) Prime Minister General Lon Noi staged coup, deposed Sihanouk. Lon Noi assumed power, proclaimed Khmer Republic
  • (1970) Lon Noi sent forces to fight North Vietnamese in Cambodia
  • (1970) While in exile in China, Sihanouk formed guerrilla movement
  • (1975) Lon Noi overthrown by Pol Pot. Sihanouk became head of state, country renamed Kampuchea
  • (1975) City residents evacuated to country to become agricultural workers, currency became worthless, basic freedoms were reduced, religion banned
  • (1975 - 1978) Middle-class citizens tortured, executed, others starved to death or died from disease; death toll estimated at over 1.7 million
  • (1976) Country renamed Democratic Kampuchea
  • (1976) Sihanouk resigned, Khieu Samphan became head of state, Pol Pot became prime minister
  • (1977) Fighting with Vietnam began
  • (1979) Cambodian-Vietnamese War: Phnom Penh captured by Vietnamese, People's Republic of Kampuchea established
  • (1981) National Assembly elections won by pro-Vietnamese Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party

Cambodia Trivia

What Languages Are Spoken In Cambodia?

Cambodia has a single official language which is Khmer. It is spoken by nearly 90% of the country's population. The language is used in government, administration, education, media, and more. After the Vietnamese language, Khmer is also the second most widely spoken Austroasiatic language.

What Language Is Spoken In Cambodia?

Which Is The Most Populous City In Cambodia?

Phnom Penh, the capital city of Cambodia, is the most populous city in the country with a population of more than 1.5 million residents. Phnom Penh is situated at the meeting point of the Tonle Sap River and Mekong River in the southern region of Cambodia.

Biggest Cities In Cambodia

What Kind of Government Does Cambodia Have?

Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy, where the Monarch is head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government.

What Type Of Government Does Cambodia Have?

What are the ethnic groups of Cambodia?

Khmer makes up about 91% of the population followed by Vietnamese and Chinese at 3% and 1% respectively.

Ethnic Groups In Cambodia

What are the Ecological Regions of Cambodia?

Indochinese mountains, forests, and the Mekong River embody the physical landscape and habitats of Cambodia. Ecological regions include the Annamite Range Moist Forests and the Central Indochina Dry Forests.

Ecological Regions Of Cambodia

What is Angkor Wat?

Angkor Wat temple is unique from all of the other temples in the area. While the other temples are aligned towards the east, it is aligned to the west. This aspect has given it an extra beauty especially during the sunset. UNESCO in collaboration with the Cambodian government has put in place measures to curb commercial and mass tourism to preserve the rich cultural heritage of the site.

Angkor Sites Of The Khmer Empire, Cambodia

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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