The Nigeria national flag was officially adopted on October 1, 1960.
The centered white stripe is symbolic of peace and country unity, while the green stripes represent fertile land.
Nigeria's coat of arms features two white horses supporting a black shield. The 'Y' shape in the middle of the shield is representative of the Benue and Niger Rivers, while the color black is a symbol of the fertile soil.
Above the shield a red eagle represents strength, and the national motto is displayed on a ribbon below