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Madagascar Geography

A steep, narrow escarpment runs along Madagascar's eastern coast, and the island's remaining tropical rainforest is located here. Along the west coast of the island swamps of mangroves give way to deep bays.

Moving inland, the central highlands are punctuated by grassy, deforested hills bordering rice-growing valleys.

At the north end of the island, the Tsaratanana Massif region is home to Madagascar's highest point, Maromokotro at 9,435 ft. (2,876 m).

Major rivers of Madagascar include the Mananara, Mangoro Sambirano, Mahajamba, Betsiboka, Mania, north and south Mahavavy, Mangoky, Onilahy, and the Ikopa; lakes unclude: Alaotra, Lake Kinkony and Lake Ihotry.

Madagascar's lowest point is the Indian Ocean at 0 m.

Madagascar's Information

Flag of Madagascar
Land Area 581,540 km2
Water Area 5,501 km2
Total Area 587,041km2 (#46)
Population 24,430,325 (#52)
Population Density 42.01/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $37.48 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,500
Currency Ariary (MGA)
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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.