A steep, narrow escarpment runs along Madagascar's eastern coast, and the island's remaining tropical rainforest is located here. Along the west coast of the island swamps of mangroves give way to deep bays.
Moving inland, the central highlands are punctuated by grassy, deforested hills bordering rice-growing valleys.
At the north end of the island, the Tsaratanana Massif region is home to Madagascar's highest point, Maromokotro at 9,435 ft. (2,876 m).
Major rivers of Madagascar include the Mananara, Mangoro Sambirano, Mahajamba, Betsiboka, Mania, north and south Mahavavy, Mangoky, Onilahy, and the Ikopa; lakes unclude: Alaotra, Lake Kinkony and Lake Ihotry.
Madagascar's lowest point is the Indian Ocean at 0 m.
|Land Area||581,540 km2|
|Water Area||5,501 km2|
|Total Area||587,041km2 (#46)|
|Government Type||Semi-presidential Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$37.48 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||1,500$|
Trending on WorldAtlas
The Most Dangerous Cities in the World
The Largest Countries in the World
29 Largest Armies In The World
The 10 Largest Cities in the World
The 10 Smallest Countries In The World
The Poorest Countries In The World
The Most Popular Sports in the World
10 States With The Largest African-American Populations
The Largest Football (Soccer) Stadiums In The World