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Madagascar Geography

Madagascar's Information

Flag of Madagascar
Land Area 581,540 km2
Water Area 5,501 km2
Total Area 587,041km2 (#46)
Population 24,430,325 (#52)
Population Density 42.01/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $37.48 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,500
Currency Ariary (MGA)
Largest Cities

A steep, narrow escarpment runs along Madagascar's eastern coast, and the island's remaining tropical rainforest is located here. Along the west coast of the island swamps of mangroves give way to deep bays.

Moving inland, the central highlands are punctuated by grassy, deforested hills bordering rice-growing valleys.

At the north end of the island, the Tsaratanana Massif region is home to Madagascar's highest point, Maromokotro at 9,435 ft. (2,876 m).

Major rivers of Madagascar include the Mananara, Mangoro Sambirano, Mahajamba, Betsiboka, Mania, north and south Mahavavy, Mangoky, Onilahy, and the Ikopa; lakes unclude: Alaotra, Lake Kinkony and Lake Ihotry.

Madagascar's lowest point is the Indian Ocean at 0 m.

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Madagascar Trivia

What Kind of Animals Live in Madagascar?

Many of the species of animals found in Madagascar cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Examples of these include lemurs, fossas, aye-ayes, tomato frogs, and the Madagascar long-eared owl.

Animals That Live in Madagascar

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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