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Vatican Geography


The State of the Vatican City (Holy See) sits on a low hill in the center of Rome, Italy.

There are no rivers or lakes.

Geography Holy See (Vatican City)
Location: Southern Europe, an enclave of Rome (Italy)

Geographic coordinates:

41 54 N, 12 27 E

Map references:



total: 0.44 sq km
land: 0.44 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:

about 0.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

total: 3.2 km
border countries: Italy 3.2 km


0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims:

none (landlocked)


temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to mid-May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)


low hill

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: unnamed location 19 m
highest point: unnamed location 75 m

Natural resources:


Land use:

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (urban area) (2001)

Irrigated land:

0 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:


Environment - current issues:


Environment - international agreements:

party to: none of the selected agreements
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution, Environmental Modification

Geography - note:

urban; landlocked; enclave in Rome, Italy; world's smallest state; outside the Vatican City, 13 buildings in Rome and Castel Gandolfo (the pope's summer residence) enjoy extraterritorial rights

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on June 16, 2020.