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Vatican Geography


The State of the Vatican City (Holy See) sits on a low hill in the center of Rome, Italy.

There are no rivers or lakes.

Geography Holy See (Vatican City)
Location: Southern Europe, an enclave of Rome (Italy)

Geographic coordinates:

41 54 N, 12 27 E

Map references:



total: 0.44 sq km
land: 0.44 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:

about 0.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

total: 3.2 km
border countries: Italy 3.2 km


0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims:

none (landlocked)


temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to mid-May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)


low hill

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: unnamed location 19 m
highest point: unnamed location 75 m

Natural resources:


Land use:

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (urban area) (2001)

Irrigated land:

0 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:


Environment - current issues:


Environment - international agreements:

party to: none of the selected agreements
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution, Environmental Modification

Geography - note:

urban; landlocked; enclave in Rome, Italy; world's smallest state; outside the Vatican City, 13 buildings in Rome and Castel Gandolfo (the pope's summer residence) enjoy extraterritorial rights

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

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This page was last updated on August 13, 2015.