The production of sesame seeds in the world totals on average of 3 million tons per year. The number of countries who produce the seeds is between 60 to 65, but the leading producers are in Asia and Africa. The following are the top ten producer countries in the world in the period 1993-2014, as per FAOSTAT.
Top ten world's leading producers of sesame oil
Myanmar leads worldwide in the production of sesame oil with its average production in the period 1993-2014 being 196,789 tonnes. The country’s annual production is approximately 18.3% of the total world production of sesame oil.
China is the second leading producer of sesame oil in the world, closely behind Myanmar. Its average production from 1993 to 2014 is 194,804 tonnes. China produces black sesame seeds.
India comes after China, mainland in the list, with an average production of 139,122 tonnes of sesame oil between 1993 and 2014. The climatic condition of the country are tropical, a favorable climate for producing sesame seeds. Besides the tropical climate, the country is also able to produce sesame seeds from its large scaled crop area.
On the third spot of the list is the United Republic of Tanzania which produced 53,469 tonnes of sesame oil in 1993-2014. The production of sesame oil has had significant tendency to rise despite the fact that the oil crops production in the country had frequently fluctuated in recent years.
Before South Sudan became an independent state in 2011, Sudan (former) was in the fifth spot in the list of World's Leading Producers of Sesame Oil. The average production of the country during the period 1993-2014 was 45, 184 tonnes, making it right behind the United Republic of Tanzania.
After gaining full independence in 2011, South Sudan as a country would produce an average of 42, 500 tonnes of sesame oil. The amount of production is slightly less than that of Sudan (former), therefore, making the country number six leading producer of the oil in the world.
The number seven leading producer of sesame oil is Japan. The country’s average production, reported at the farm level, between 1993 and 2014 is 41,901 tonnes. The amount of output corresponds to the total domestic production of the oil by the country, including the production inside or outside the agricultural sector.
The average production of the sesame oil in the current Sudan is 38, 400 tonnes. Therefore, Sudan is the number eight leading producer after Japan. The amount of production is less than that of Sudan (former), probably because the production is relatively high in South Sudan which was formerly part of Sudan.
The Republic of Korea
The Republic of Korea is in the ninth spot of the list. The average production of the country amounted to 25, 122 tonnes between 1993 to 2014. The Republic of Korea produces the oil for both domestic uses and export.
Turkey closes the top ten list of the leading producers of sesame oil in the world. The average production in the country is 22,824 tonnes, which is slightly less than that of the Republic of Korea.
The top ten world’s leading producers of sesame oil contributes to a significant percentage of the total production in the world. It is evident from the analysis that all the Sudan countries are among the leading producers. Therefore, the production will most likely rise in those countries and the neighboring regions.