World Facts

Where is the Largest Plateau in the World?

The Tibetan Plateau is the world's largest plateau.

The Tibetan Plateau

The largest plateau in the world is known as the Tibetan Plateau (also known as the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau or the Himalayan Plateau). The Tibetan Plateau is located in central Asia and covers all the way to East Asia. The plateau extends all the way across the Tibetan autonomous region, and to the west, it borders the Qinghai region. The average extends of the plateau according to the experts is 2,500,000 square kilometres. The Tibetan plateau stands at the height of 3 miles above the sea level and covers a large area of land. Therefore, the plateau is referred to as the roof of the world. Additionally, the plateau is surrounded by several imposing mountains ranges.

Geology of the Tibetan Plateau

The formation of the Tibetan plateau is the result of the several movements beneath the Himalayas. The uplifting of the metamorphic and sedimentary rocks that created the ranges brought about a resulting Tibetan plateau. As a result of the continental collision of the continental plates, the Indo-Australian plates were pushed furthermore in a horizontal vector below the Tibetan plateau. According to the geological sciences, the Tibetan plateau to date is still rising at a rate of 5mm per year.

Environmental Conditions of the Tibetan Plateau

The main ecosystem within the plateau is the montane grasslands. The other parts of the land are covered by the Alpine-Tundra vegetation. Some other areas have different climatic conditions since the area is influenced by the monsoon winds in the region. The animals that are housed on the plateau include the gray wolf, wild donkeys, cranes, vultures and snakes among others. The one specific arachnid well known for the region is the high altitude jumping spider. The fascinating fact about the spiders is that they can survive at the height of 6,500 feet.

Impacts of the Plateau On Surrounding Regions

The plateau creates monsoon winds due to the altitude of its surface difference and the range in its temperatures. As the plateau is very flat land, the warm air from the oceans is distributed through the areas by the wind. During the winter period, the plateau loses the heat much quicker than the ocean which creates a much higher pressure on the land.

More in World Facts