Originating from the two Latin words paene (meaning almost) and insula (meaning island), a peninsula can be simply defined as a piece of land that is almost completely surrounded by water. In other words, it is a piece of land that is almost an island with a connection to a mainland. The water around it may be continuous or made up of a number of different water bodies. An example of a peninsula is the Kassandra Peninsula (or simply Kassandra) located in Chalkidiki, Greece. The peninsula is renowned for a number of things including diversity in wildlife, beautiful nature, and a wide array of entertainment opportunities, and other things.
The Kassandra Peninsula is located in Chalkidiki, also known by Khalkidhiki, Halkidike, Chalcidice, and Chalkidiki. Located in the western region of the municipality, the peninsula also doubles up as a municipality whose seat is located in the town of Kassandreia. The municipality itself was formed recently back in 2011 after two municipalities were merged. The two municipalities that were joined were called Kassandra and Pallini. The combined peninsula municipality has a total area of about 129 square miles and an approximate population of 19,231 people as of 2011.
In the past, the peninsula was known as Pallene and it was among the three headlands in the region that ran into the Aegean Sea. Legend has it that Pallene was once a region that was known as Phlegra, which was a place that had the legendary battle between Greek gods and giants. During its time, Pallene was a place that was made up of a number of towns including Neapolis, Scione, Aege, Sane, and Aphytis. In 43 BCE, the Roman colony of Cassandreia, which included the peninsula, was formed.
In the period known as Late Antiquity, Cassandreia was the peninsula’s capital of sorts until the Huns destroyed it in either 539 CE or 540 CE. Following its destruction, it was renovated by Emperor Justinian I although it did not see a sizeable population until the 10th century. In that time, it experienced a period of prosperity due to its fertility and a growing monk community.
After that, the city changed ownership a number of times. For example, the Byzantine’s Catalan Company captured it in the winter between 1307 and 1308. In 1423, the Venetians controlled it briefly while the Ottomans captured it later on in 1430. After rebelling against Ottoman rule in 1821, it was completely razed by rebels such that it became inhabitable for at least 30 years. The peninsula was not inhabited until the early stages of the 20th century when it became part of Greece.
Today, the peninsula is a prosperous region that is known for the production of things like honey, wax, silkworms, grain, and wool.
One of the most important sectors is tourism due to the beauty and the sites on the peninsula. Visitors touring the peninsula can enjoy the sandy beaches and the beautiful nature. In addition, there are several accommodation facilities to suit all classes of people.
Festivals are also numerous such as the Kassandra festival in Siviri. Other sites include the villages of Sani and Afitos.