A Brief History of Romania
Romania is a European nation that occupies an area of 238,397 square km and hosts a population of about 20 million people. The modern-day country was formed in 1859 by the unification of the two Danubian Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia. The name Romania was first used in 1866 for this unified territory. A decade later, Romania earned its independence from the rule by the Ottomans. The extent of Romania further increased after the World War I. During World War II, Romania lost large parts of its territories to foreign powers. In the end, the country achieved its recognition as a sovereign nation and became a socialist republic. However, the country started progressing towards becoming a democracy following the 1989 Revolution.
History of the Flag of Romania
The colors red, blue, and green that feature in modern Romania’s national flag were used in the flag of the revolutionaries during the Wallachian uprising of 1821. According to historians, the blood red color represented fraternity, the field yellow color symbolized justice and the sky-blue color was a symbol of liberty. The tricolor flag used at that time had a red, blue, and yellow face. A bird’s head and stars were also part of the flag’s design. Later, the design of the flag was altered to get the yellow band to the center. Although the colors remained nearly constant, their orders and direction (vertical/horizontal) in the flag changed several times over the years.
On December 30, 1947, when Romania was declared to be a people's republic, all the symbols that represented the former kingdom of Romania were banned from use. A new flag was designed where the yellow band had an emblem of the country in the middle. During the decades of Communist rule in Romania, the design of the coat of arms was also altered several times. Starting on December 1989, the revolutionaries at Timișoara started using flags with the Communist coat of arms cut out from the flag. They used these flags with holes as a sign of protest against the existing regime. In the same year, the new flag that is the national flag of modern-day Romania was adopted.
Design of the Romanian National Flag
The national flag of Romania has a simple design. It is a vertical tricolor. There are three equal vertical bands of blue, yellow, and red in order of distance from the hoist side of the flag. More specifically, the colors are cobalt blue, chrome yellow, and vermilion red.