The current flag of Argentina was officially adopted on February 12, 1812 four years before they declared independence from Spain.
The light blue stripes upon a white field were placed on the flag by Manuel Belgrano, the leader of the revolution, and are said to be symbolic of the sky above, when the fight for the country's independence began. The golden sun, with the Sun of May face, was added to the flag in 1818.
The Argentinean national flag has a horizontal rectangular design with either a 9:14 proportion, with three horizontally-running bands of light-blue, white and light-blue colors arranged from top to bottom. The official ceremonial flag also features the Inca Sun (which has the likeness of a human face) known as the Sun of May (el Sol de Mayo) at its center which is absent in the ornamental flag (also known as Bandera de Ornato). Manuel Belgrano is credited with the designing of the flag in the early 19th century.
Argentina Flag Meaning
The most popular understanding is that it represents the sky, clouds and sun. This understanding is attributed to by anthems such as Salute to the Flag and the Aurora Flag Anthem as well as the first variant of the pledge to the flag makes reference to the white and sky-blue flag. Argentineans know the blue stripes in the flag as “celeste” meaning “sky blue”. However some historians argue that the triband flag are inspired by the colors of the House of Bourbon which ruled Spain and its colonies including Argentina. The Inca Sun, el Sol de Mayo located in the middle of the flag pays tribute to the Incan sun deity, Inti who was revered and worshiped by the ancient native Inca inhabitants.
Pledge to the Flag
The Pledge to the Flag is a declaration recited to students by school principals or local town executives in Argentina each year during the Flag Day which is observed on June 20th. The meaning and symbolism of the colors on the National Flag are outlined within the Pledge particularly in Variant 2. An excerpt of the Pledge to the Flag states that the flag represents the land and seas, a proclamation which supports the theory that the flag’s colors are based on the country’s natural environment.
Anthems to the Flag
The Constitution of Argentina provides for two anthems dedicated to the flag and these include “Saludo a la Bandera” as well as “Mi Bandera”. Both of these anthems are patriotic declarations dedicated to the Argentinean National Flag from which one can easily deduce the meaning of the colors of the flag. An example from the Saludo a la Bandera (Salutation to the Flag) states that “The sky gave its color to you,” while the last stanza of the “Mi Bandera” states that the flag is like the shining sky alluding to the theory that the flag’s two blue-colored stripes represent the sky.