The current flag of Argentina was officially adopted on February 12, 1812.
The blue stripes upon a white field were placed on the flag by Manuel Belgrano, the leader of the revolution, and are said to be symbolic of the sky above, when the fight for the country's independence began. The golden sun, with the Sun of May face, was added to the flag in 1818.
Description of the Flag of Argentina
The Argentinean national flag has a horizontal rectangular design with either a 9:14 or 5:8 proportion, with three horizontally-running bands of light-blue, white and light-blue colors arranged from top to bottom. The official ceremonial flag also features the Inca Sun (which has the likeness of a human face) known as the Sun of May (el Sol de Mayo) at its center which is absent in the ornamental flag (also known as Bandera de Ornato). Manuel Belgrano is credited with the designing of the flag in the early 19th century.
Argentina Flag Meaning
The meaning behind the colors of Argentina’s National Flag has been a point of contention which has spurned several theories. One theory states that the white stripe is a representation of silver, a metal which early explorers (inaccurately) thought the country had in plenty. The country was named after the Latin word “Argentinum” which means “silver”. The theory also states that the two blue stripes either represent the colors of Argentina’s longest river and the widest river in the world, the Rio de la Plata or it represents the sky. This theory is backed by the Salutation to the Flag, The Pledge to the Flag and the Aurora Flag Anthem, all of which have excerpts backing the theory. Argentineans know the blue stripes in the flag as “celeste” meaning “sky blue”, another pointer backing the aforementioned theory. Another theory states that the three flags are inspired by the colors of the House of Bourbon which ruled Spain and its colonies including Argentina. The Inca Sun, el Sol de Mayo located in the middle of the flag pays tribute to the Incan sun deity, Inti who was revered and worshiped by the ancient native Inca inhabitants. Other Argentineans believe that the blue color on the flag symbolizes justice, loyalty, and vigilance while the white color symbolizes honesty and peace in the country.
The Pledge To The National Flag Of Argentian
The Pledge to the Flag is a declaration recited to students by school principals or local town executives in Argentina each year during the Flag Day which is observed on June 20th. The meaning and symbolism of the colors on the National Flag are outlined within the Pledge particularly in Variant 2. An excerpt of the Pledge to the Flag states that the flag represents the land and seas, a proclamation which supports the theory that the flag’s colors are based on the country’s natural environment.
Anthems Dedicated To The National Flag Of Argentina
The Constitution of Argentina provides for two anthems dedicated to the flag and these include “Saludo a la Bandera” as well as “Mi Bandera”. Both of these anthems are patriotic declarations dedicated to the Argentinean National Flag from which one can easily deduce the meaning of the colors of the flag. An example from the Saludo a la Bandera (Salutation to the Flag) states that “The sky gave its color to you,” while the last stanza of the “Mi Bandera” states that the flag is like the shining sky alluding to the theory that the flag’s two blue-colored stripes represent the sky.