Tajikistan is a Central Asian landlocked nation with a highly mountainous terrain. For centuries, the land was ruled by several powerful dynasties and empires, but eventually came under the rule of the Russian Empire, and later the Soviet Union. The Tajik Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic was briefly established in 1924 as a part of Uzbekistan, but became a separate Soviet republic in 1929. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the independent nation of Tajikistan emerged in 1991.
History of the Flag
The flag of Tajikistan was formally adopted in November 1992. Prior to its adoption and the country’s independence, Tajikistan was one of the many Soviet republics with a flag that closely resembled the Soviet Union design. This flag was in use from 1953 until 1991. Following independence, the former Soviet-era flag was redesigned to represent the newly created free nation of Tajikistan. The hammer and sickle were first removed in 1991, but a more significant redesign of the flag in 1992 resulted in the current Tajikistan flag.
The flag of Tajikistan is a tricolor with three horizontal bands of red (top), white (middle), and green (bottom). The center of the white band features a gold colored crown, and there are seven gold stars arranged in an arc shape above the crown. The red and green bands are equal in size, while the white stripe is thicker in width. The width ratio of the three stripes of the flag is 2:3:2.
The colors and symbols featured on the Tajikistan flag are meaningful. Red represents sunrise, victory, and unity of the Tajik people. The color also symbolizes the former Russian and Soviet rule, and how the nation fought hard to attain its independence. The white color symbolizes cotton, snow and ice on the mountains, as well as purity and morality. The green color represents the natural wealth and fertile valleys of Tajikistan. Green is also a symbol of Islam, which is the country's predominant religion. However, the colors of the national flag have also been interpreted in a very different way. According to some beliefs, the colors of the flag reveal a lot about the Tajik society. According to this alternative interpretation of the flag’s color, the red, white, and the green colors represent the manual labor class, intellectual workers, and the peasantry, respectively. The crown on the flag symbolizes the Tajik people since ‘taj’ in Tajikistan means 'crown.' The seven stars simply represent the importance of the number seven in the country’s traditions, as it is believed to be associated with happiness and perfection.