The Republic of South Sudan is a landlocked nation located in East-Central Africa. Its capital city is Juba. It gained independence and acquired sovereignty from Sudan (north) in 2011. It is, therefore, the newest (youngest) republic in the world. It borders Uganda, Kenya, Central African Republic and DRC. It has a population of about 12 million people with the dominant religion being Christianity. Traditional customs and beliefs are keenly put into practice by the over 60 main ethnic groups in South Sudan. The official language is English. The other common spoken words are in Dinka, Arabic and Juba Arabic. The president is the head of government in the South Sudan government. The administrative units of the country comprise of 10 states that are at the south of original Sudan. Media is highly restricted, and no freedom of the press is in the nation. The national currency is the Sudanese Pound.
History Of The Flag Of South Sudan
Previously, after Sudan gained independence in 1956, the dominant religion (Islam) living in northern Sudan had their Islamic symbols on the then national flag. The Christians, on the other hand, had no regional symbols. Therefore the southerners (Christians) always felt discriminated over the years. These discriminatory acts led to a bloody civil war that lasted for many years between the two regions until 2005 when a referendum was conducted to set the south independent.After the signing of the peace agreement to end the long civil war in Sudan, the flag was used and was officially adopted on July 9, 2005. Initially, liberators used it in the Sudan People's Liberation Movement activities.
Meaning Of The Colors And Symbols Of The Flag Of South Sudan
The South Sudan national flag comprises of six colors of black, red, green, blue, white and gold. Black, red and green colors lie horizontally and are separated by thin white stripes. A blue triangular portion lies at the hoist side with a golden star at the center. The flag bears a notable similarity to the Kenyan flag. It also resembles Sudan's flag regarding design, but the meanings behind the colors differ. Each color on the national flag of South Sudan bears its purposes. Black signifies the people of South Sudan. Red means the blood shed during the struggle for independence. Green signifies agriculture, natural resources, land and a symbol of progress. White signifies the peace acquired after years of struggle for liberation. Blue means the River Nile which is a source of life for the entire nation. Yellow, on the other hand, signifies the unity of the states, determination and hope for all. The national flag is embraced and used by the citizens of South Sudan as a symbol of national unity. Besides the national flag colors, South Sudan has a coat of arms. It has a fish eagle with open wings, a shield and two spears crossed behind the shield. The eagle symbolizes might, resilience and vision. The shield and the two spears signify protection of the sovereign state.
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