What Do The Colors And Symbols Of The Flag Of Somalia Mean?

By Oishimaya Sen Nag on July 24 2018 in World Facts

The flag of Somalia.

Somalia is a sovereign African state that is located in the Horn of Africa. For ages, the land that is now Somalia was an important commercial center. For years, it was under the control of local empires. In the late 19th century, however, the Italian and British empires captured parts of Somalia near the coast. Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland were then born. Although in the interior regions of Somalia, the Dervish State managed to put the foreign powers at bay, it ultimately yielded to British airpower in 1920. Italy also occupied large parts of the land but eventually, Italy also gave in to British power in the region in 1941. After Italy left Somalia, Italian Somaliland became a Trusteeship of the UN. In 1960, an independent Somali Republic was formed by the union of these two regions. However, the new government was not stable and in 1991 the Somali Civil War broke out and continued for more than a decade. During this time, there was no strong central government in Somalia but instead, the country was ravaged by various militant groups trying to gain control over as much land as possible. However, central governance was once more restored in Somalia in 2012 and a period of recovery began in the country.

History Of The Flag Of Somalia

The flag of Somalia was designed by a Somali scholar named Mohammed Awale Liban. It was created in 1954 when a labor trade union of the Somali people elected him with the task. At this time, the country was preparing for independence and needed a national flag as its identity. Initially, the flag was used in Somaliland, a UN Trust Territory and in the State of Somaliland. Finally, the flag became the national flag of the Somali Republic in 1960.

Design Of The National Flag Of Somalia

The flag of the country has a very simple design. It is rectangular shaped. The entire flag is light blue in color. In the center of the flag, there is a single star. The star has five points and is white in color.

Meaning Of Colors And Symbols Of Somalia’s National Flag

The blue color of Somalia’s flag was initially inspired by the United Nations’ flag. Since the UN helped the country liberate itself from foreign rule, the color of the UN flag was featured in Somalia’s flag. However, the color is also believed to represent the sky and the sea. Somalia has coastlines on the Indian Ocean, Gulf of Aden, and the Guardafui Channel. Hence, water has a significant influence on the lives of people in the country. The white star of the flag is known as the Star of Unity. The five points of the star represent the five areas where the Somali people traditionally lived. These areas are Ethiopia’s Ogaden region, Kenya’s North Eastern Province, Somaliland, Djibouti, and southern Somalia.

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