Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea covering an area of 617 km2 (238 squ mi). Part of the West Indies, it is situated near the neighboring islands of Saint Vincent, Barbados, and Martinique.
Brief History of Saint Lucia
Islands Caribs were the original inhabitants of Saint Lucia. The French were the first Europeans to settle on the island. They colonized the island in 1635. Between 1663 and 1667, however, the British annexed the island from the French. After that, the rule of the island frequently altered between the French and the British. Both the European powers found the island attractive and none were ready to give up control of the island. In 1814, the British started a definitive rule over Saint Lucia which continued for over a century. Saint Lucia now became a colony of the British crown. Between 1958 and 1962, the island was part of the West Indies Federation and it became an Associated State in 1967. Finally, the country emerged independently of foreign rule on February 22, 1979.
History of the Flag of Saint Lucia
During the French and the British colonial period, Saint Lucia never had a unique colonial flag. However, in August 1939, the British allowed the island to have its own coat of arms. Later, this new emblem was used to deface the British Blue Ensign to symbolize the British colony of Saint Lucia. On March 1, 1967, a new flag was adopted to represent the territory of Saint Lucia. The flag was designed by an indigenous artist named Dunstan St Omer. Following the independence of the country, the former flag was adopted again with slight changes in design. The shade of the blue color and the size of the triangles in the flag were slightly altered.
Design of Saint Lucia’s Flag
The flag of Saint Lucia has a cerulean blue field. In the center of the field, there are two triangles. A black isosceles triangle with white edges and a yellow smaller triangle in the front. The latter triangle is at the front of the former one.
Meaning of the Colors and Symbols of the Flag
The colors and symbols used in the flag of Saint Lucia are associated with symbolic meanings. The blue color of the flag stands for the sea and the sky. It represents the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The black and white colors represent the harmonious relationship between the people of white and black races on the islands. Prosperity and sunshine are symbolized by the yellow color of the flag. The two triangles represent the two volcanic cones of Saint Lucia. The triangles also represent unity.