The Arab nation of Oman is located on the Arabian Peninsula’s southeastern coast. The Omani Sultanate ruled over the region from the latter half of the 17th century and was at its peak in the 19th century. During this time, Omani influence extended far and wide as-far-as modern day Pakistan. Later, however, in the 20th century, the power of the Sultanate declined and it came under the influence of the UK. Today, Oman is a sovereign nation and an absolute monarchy.
The History Of The Flag Of Oman
In the past, the flag of Oman was a plain red banner. It was used by the indigenous people of the region. This banner was used as early as AD 750. For a short period of time, between 1868 and 1871, the symbol of the religious leader or imam of Oman, a plain white flag, served as the national flag of Oman. In 1970, the ruling Sultan of Oman was deposed and a new Sultan, Qābūs ibn Saʿīd, came to power. The new ruler wanted to modernize the nation. On December 17, 1970, the Sultan introduced a new national flag. On April 25, 1995, the national flag of Oman was officially adopted. It was a slight adaptation from 1970.
Meaning Of The Colors And Symbols Of The National Flag Of Oman
The flag has three stripes in three colors: white, green, and red. A vertical red bar on the left of the flag features the country’s national emblem. A lot of thought has gone behind the selection of the three colors for the flag of Oman. White, the color of the topmost horizontal band on the flag symbolizes peace and prosperity. The red color in the middle band and the vertical band of the flag represents the battles fought by the people of Oman against the foreign invaders. The green color represents the fertility of the land. The national emblem of the country depicts crossed swords over a dagger or khanjar.
Although the above meanings of the colors and symbols of the flag of Oman are officially accepted, the flag’s features have also been interpreted unofficially. According to such interpretations, white stands for the imamate, red the Sultanate, and green is believed to represent the mountainous green interior of Oman.