Mozambique is a nation located in Southeast Africa and is bordered by Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Swaziland, and the Indian Ocean. Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama landed in the country in 1498, which led to the settlement and colonization of Mozambique by the Portuguese beginning in 1505. After nearly 400 years of colonial rule, Mozambique gained its independence in 1975.
History of Mozambique's Flag
The design of Mozambique current flag is based on a flag used by the Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO), one of the country’s leading political parties. The FRELIMO flag was similar in appearance, but lacked the emblem featured in Mozambique's current national flag. This flag was used briefly after the country gained independence from Portugal. Another flag was later introduced, which had diagonals of four different colors (yellow, black, red, and green) emanating from the upper corner of the flag’s hoist side. The star, book, hoe, and rifle were present inside a white cogwheel that appeared towards the upper hoist-side corner of the flag. In 1983, another design change occurred, which included horizontal stripes and an enlarged star. The white cogwheel has been removed in the design of Mozambique’s current national flag.
Design of the Flag of Mozambique
Mozambique's flag is a horizontal tricolor of three stripes: green (top), black (middle), and yellow (bottom). These stripes are separated by thin white stripes. A red isosceles triangle is placed on the hoist side of the flag, which contains a yellow colored five-pointed star. This star features an AK-47 rifle with a bayonet crossed with a hoe, which are set on the image of an open book.
Meaning of the Colors and Symbols of the Flag
The colors and symbols featured on Mozambique’s flag have significant meaning. The green color represents Mozambique’s natural wealth, white symbolizes peace, while black signifies the continent of Africa. The yellow and red colors in the triangle symbolize the mineral wealth and independence struggle of the country, respectively. The star is a symbol of internationalism and Marxism, while the book represents the importance of education. The rifle is a symbol of defense and vigilance, and the hoe signifies the importance of agriculture in Mozambique.