The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, better known as Luxembourg, is an independent nation in Western Europe. Luxembourg City serves as its capital. The country is landlocked by Belgium, Germany, and France.
A Brief History of Luxembourg
The country's history dates back to 963, when Count Siegfried I acquired a piece of land and a small castle. The territory grew over the following few centuries and the County of Luxembourg became a large territory by the 13th century. The House of Luxembourg generated four Holy Roman Emperors, and was later promoted from County of Luxembourg to Duchy of Luxembourg. The strategic location of Luxembourg between the French Kingdom and the House of Austria enabled the duchy to become one of Europe’s most powerful fortifications. During the reign of Napoleon, Luxembourg became part of the French Empire, but later emerged as an independent country in 1815. However, the territory was a personal asset of William I. In 1839, the French-speaking region of Luxembourg separated to become part of Belgium, while the Luxembourgish-speaking region became modern-day Luxembourg.
History of the Flag
Luxembourg did not have a flag until 1830, when it adopted national colors that were first used during the Belgian Revolution. On June 12, 1845, the horizontal tricolor flag used today was first accepted but not officially adopted. The flag was officially adopted more than a century later in 1972, when a law regulating the flag was passed. Soon after its adoption, national debate arose regarding the flag's design, as it was nearly identical to the flag of the Netherlands. In 2006, a member of parliament proposed changing the design of the flag to reduce its resemblance of the Dutch flag, and suggested the use of a red lion ensign. However, the new design was not ultimately adopted and the flag of Luxembourg remains unchanged.
The national flag of Luxembourg is a tricolor with three horizontal bands of equal size: red (top), white (middle) and light blue (bottom). The flag’s design is nearly identical to that of the Netherlands flag, although the blue and red colors on Luxembourg's flag are lighter in shade. The colors on the flag trace their origin to the House of Luxembourg’s coat of arms.