The Flag of Guatemala is among the country’s national symbols and is also known as the “Azuliblanco” which translates to “blue and white,” based on the flag’s distinct appearance, featuring three white and blue bands. The national flag was adopted in Guatemala in 1871.
Description of the Flag of Guatemala
The flag has a horizontal and rectangular design whose dimensions are 5:8 for its width and length respectively. The flag features a vertical tri-band made up of two colors; light blue and white. Two light blue bands are seen on the flag’s hoist and fly edges, while the white band is sandwiched between the two light blue bands. Centered on the white band is Guatemala’s National Emblem. The National Emblem features a crown of bay laurel branches, two crossed bayonets, and Remington rifles whose handles are on the bottom of the bay laurel wreath. On the center of the emblem is a parchment scroll which has the Spanish inscriptions “Libertad 15 de Septiembre de 1821” (Freedom September 15th, 1821) written in gold color. Perched on top of the parchment scroll is a resplendent quetzal, the country’s national bird which has green body feathers and red breast feathers.
Symbolism of the Flag of Guatemala
The two light blue bands symbolize the position of Guatemala between two oceans, The Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. These light blue bands are also said to stand for the blue skies over the country. The middle white band is said to stand for the virtues of purity and peace. The two crossed Remington rifles symbolize the country’s courage and ability to defend itself using arms against any external threats. The bay laurel crown symbolizes the country’s victory against the oppression of colonization. The gold inscription on the parchment scroll “Libertad 15 de Septiembre de 1821”, is an expression of the country’s sovereignty, and states the date when Guatemala gained independence from Spain (September 15th, 1821). Besides being the country’s national bird, the resplendent quetzal’s appearance on the National Emblem represents liberty. The two crossed bayonets are said to represent honor.
Other Flags of Guatemala
The country also has other officially recognized flags, all of which are designed based on the national flag. One such flag is the country’s civil ensign. The flag closely resembles the national flag, and even have similar length-width proportions. The main difference is that the civil ensign does not feature the National Emblem. Other official flags in Guatemala are the Flag of the President of the nation, the Flag of the President of the Congress, and the Flag of the President of the Supreme Court. The designs of these flags mirror that of the national flag, featuring the tri-band of light blue and white stripes and the national emblem on the center. The distinct feature on these flags is the addition of gold, five-pointed, equally-spaced stars, arranged vertically on the hoist edge of the flags. The Flag of the President has five of these stars, while the Flag of the President of the Congress has four of them. The Flag of the President of the Supreme Court has the least number of stars, having three of them.