The Flag of Grenada was adopted on February 7, 1974, after the country gained its independence from the United Kingdom, and replaced an older flag that had been used in Grenada since 1967. Antony C. George, a renowned Grenadian artist, is credited with the designing of the flag. The flag is recognized as a sacred and official emblem of Grenada, with the country having official etiquette followed during its hoisting and lowering.
Description of the Flag of Grenada
The flag has a horizontal rectangular design with the width-length proportion of 3:5. A red margin surrounds the outermost border of the flag. There are seven five-pointed yellow stars on the flag; six of which are on the red margin while one significantly larger is on the flag’s center on a red circle. Of the six stars on the flag’s margin, three are found on the top margin while the remaining three are found on the bottom. All the six stars are equally spaced. The middle of the flag has four triangles. The hoist side of the flag has a red and yellow clove of nutmeg.
Emblems of the Flag of Grenada
The six small yellow stars spread along the flag’s red margin represent the six parishes that makeup Grenada. The seventh largest star on the flag’s center represents the nation’s capital city, Saint George, but is also believed to represent Carriacou and Petite Martinique, two sister islands of the nation. However, the two conflicting representations of the middle star have been polarizing topics in the country’s politics, with some dismissing the sister-islands representation because a prominent politician, Herbert Augustus Blaize, hails from one of the islands. Another controversial angle states that the stars were based on the Grenada United Labor Party’s official emblem, the star. To remedy the confusion, some individuals have proposed the addition of another yellow star to the six stars on the red margin to represent Carriacou and Petite Martinique, to leave the large middle star to represent unity and harmony in Grenada. The nutmeg seen on the hoist of the Flag of Grenada represents the country’s top agricultural export commodity, the nutmeg, with Grenada being among the largest global producers of the commodity. The symbol is also inspired by Grenada’s history as the nation was traditionally referred to as the “Isle of Spice.”
Colors of the Flag of Grenada
The colors featured on the flag of Grenada are characteristic of “Pan-Africanism” colors. Therefore some scholars feel that the choice of these colors was in honor of the African heritage of many of Grenada’s inhabitants. The red color represents the courageous and tenacious spirit in Grenadians, and could also represent the country’s undying aspirations. The red border stands for the preservation of unity and harmony among all the country’s inhabitants. Green represents the abundance of greenery in the form of vegetation in the country. The color can also be seen as representing the agriculture and fertility of the soil in the country. Yellow represents the warm weather experienced in the country throughout the year, as well as the warmth of the Grenadians.