Pears, like apples, come in thousands of varieties. However, unlike apples, their fine granular flesh is more fragile and often improves in flavor after they are picked. Pears are wide at the bottom than at the top while only a few varieties are spherical in shape. Pears grow in a wide variety of environments, and the world's largest producers are China, Argentina, Italy, and the United states.
Uses And Benefits Of Pears
Pears can be consumed as fresh, canned, juice, or dried. Pears juice can be used in jellies and jam in combination with other fruits including berries. Pears are low in calories, but high in fiber. The fruit is an excellent source of vitamin C and other minerals such as copper, iron, and manganese. it
Pears can be grown in a wide range of soil and can fit within a small space making it a good choice for gardeners. Choosing the right variety is key to achieving quality fruits. It is advisable that two varieties of pears be planted since cross-pollination will be required to produce fruits. However, the two types must be compatible with each other. The soil must be well drained and fertile. The standard space between trees should be about 20 to 25 feet. The young trees should be regularly watered to help them establish roots. Fertilizer can only be applied in the early years of the plant while pruning should be done regularly to help the leaves and branches spread outward and not upward. One should watch out for diseases and pests such as fire blight and mites which can delay the maturity of the tree. Harvesting should be done when the fruit is almost mature when it is still hard.
Top Pear Producing Countries
China is the leading producing country of pears, having produced 16.5 million tonnes of pears in 2017. Argentina is the world's second largest producer with 930,340 tonnes produced, followed by Italy (772,577) and the United States (677,891).