Types of Dry Beans
Dry beans are a legume, which is a plant, fruit or seed that is in the Fabaceae family of flowering plants. Beans are one of the most well-known legumes, along with peas, peanuts, soybeans, lentils and others. The black bean is a medium sized black colored bean. Black beans are native to the Americas and are a staple of Latin American, Cajun and Creole cuisines. Broad beans, also known as fava beans, are small and a light green color. Broad beans are one of the earliest plants to have been cultivated by humans. Evidence indicates that these beans were cultivated as early as the seventh century BC in Thailand, with regional variants grown all around the world today. The chickpea is wrinkled and either comes in a white or green color. The chickpea originally comes from southeast Asia but has since spread around the world. It is a staple of Indian and Mediterranean cuisines. Kidney bean is shaped like the human kidney and is either red or white colored. Kidney beans are believed to have originated in Peru and have since become a major staple of the cuisine in northern parts of India and Creole cuisine.
Uses And Benefits Of Dry Beans
Dry beans can either be purchased canned where they are ready to be eaten right away, although it is recommended they still be cooked. They can also be packaged where most types have to be soaked and then cooked. Dry beans are often used to compliment a variety of different dishes and foods like rice, salads, tacos, soups and more. Dry beans can also be seasoned with a number of different food items, like chicken broth, ham, olive oil, onions and more. An additional benefit is that dry beans can last for many years if they are stored properly.
Dry beans have many healthy aspects to them if one can deal with the flatulence that they are known to cause. Dry beans are known to be high in fiber, iron, zinc, magnesium, copper, and some key vitamins. They are also low in terms of fat content. On top of all of these benefits, dry beans can also serve as a way to obtain a cheap source of protein.
Top Exporters Of Dry Beans:
There are only seven countries on Earth that manage to export over one million tons of dry beans a year. The country that exports that most dried beans is Myanmar, a country located in southeast Asia. Myanmar manages to edge out nearby India for first place by 170,000 million tons. In total, there are three Asiab countries in the top ten, the aforementioned top two and in fourth place China. Third-placed Brazil represents the only South American country on the list. North America, on the other hand, is represented in the fifth place by Mexico and the seventh place by the US. Rounding out the remaining unmentioned spots in the top ten are four African countries, Tanzanian, Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda.
The World's Top Dry Bean Producing Countries
|Rank||Country||Production (in tons)|
|4||People's Republic of China||1,400,000|