A monarchy is a government led by a monarch from a royal family. This form of government is hereditary with the next-in-line to the throne taking over when one monarch relinquishes their claim to the throne or dies. There are also a few monarchies whereby the monarch is elected such as those of the Vatican city state and Malaysia. A monarchy can either be an absolute, constitutional, or symbolic monarchy. In an absolute monarchy, the monarch has absolute power over the state, while in a constitutional monarchy, the monarch rules according to the constitution. A monarchy may be seen as an ancient form of government, but several countries still have a monarchy today.
Countries With Monarchy
The principality of Andorra was established in 1278, and it is located in the South-western part of Europe. The state is a constitutional monarchy headed by two princes, the Catholic Bishop of Urgell, Spain, Archbishop Joan Enric and the French president, Emmanuel Macron. The president of France, though not elected by the residents of Andorra, is an elected monarch in the state. Andorra la Vella is the state's capital and also the biggest city. The microstate has an area of 181 square miles, and the population estimate was about 77,281 in 2016.
The Kingdom of Bahrain has been ruled by HM King Hamad bin Isa since 1999. Bahrain is an archipelago with a central island in the Persian Gulf. The Al Khalifa family has ruled Bahrain since the late 1700s. They are part of the Utub tribe and are Sunni muslims. While the previous rulers of the Al Khalifa family were known as "Hakim," the previous ruler proclaimed himself the first "Emir" of Bahrain. The current ruler, Hamad bin Isa, became the Emir of Bahrain in 1999. In 2002, he declared Bahrain to be a kingdom, and instated himself at the king.
The State of Vatican City is an independent state located within the country of Italy, more specifically, inside the city of Rome. By both population and area, it is the smallest state in the world. Vatican City is home of the Vatican, also known as the Holy See, the seat of the Pope of the Catholic Church. As such, the Pope is the ruling monarch of Vatican City, with HH Pope Francis having been elected as the 266th Pope in 2013.
Queen Elizabeth II
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II is known as the queen and head of state of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms. There are a total of 16 Commonwealth realm countries, which includes Antigua and Barbuda, the Commonwealth of Australia, the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, Barbados, Canada, Belize, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, as well as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The Queen is considered a figurehead in several countries, and the oldest ruling British monarch; the United Kingdom is one of the oldest monarchies.
Countries With Monarchy
|2||Antigua and Barbuda|
|11||Papua New Guinea|
|12||Saint Kitts and Nevis|
|14||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|
|43||United Arab Emirates|