Algeria is a North African country that lies between Morocco and Tunisia along the Mediterranean coast. It is Africa’s largest country, covering an area of 2,381,741 square kilometers. Algeria’s vast landscape is endowed with a variety of ecosystems. The country has established national parks to preserve the biodiversity. Notable National parks include Belezma National Park, Chréa National Park, Djurdjura National Park, and El Kala National Park.
Algeria's National Parks
Belezma National Park
Belezma National Park is a world-renowned park in northeastern Algeria. The park was designated as a UNESCO biosphere reserve in June 2015. It is located in the Belezma Mountains and covers an area of 263 square kilometers. The park has an abundance of ecological zones from cool semi-humid regions to dry arid regions. The diverse ecological regions accommodate over 300 animal species and 440 plant species. Endangered species such as Cuvier’s Gazelle, Dorcas Gazelle, and the Several inhabit the park. The park is a popular nesting place for birds of prey such as the Egyptian vulture. Additionally, the park has rare plants such as the Atlas cedar, which is native to Algeria. Belezma National Park is home to several historical and cultural sites including tombs and caves. Several conservation agencies jointly manage the park.
Chréa National Park
Chréa National Park is named after the neighboring town of Chrea. The park was established as a protected area in 1985. It covers an area of 260 square kilometers. It is located in the mountainous region of Blida Province. The park has a diversity of terrains that are home to a range of plants and animals. An ancient monkey known as Barbary Macaque is an example of the rare animals found in the park. Chréa National Park has a great skiing station which is one of the few skiing resorts in Africa.
Djurdjura National Park
Djurdjura National Park is located in northwestern Algeria. The park covers an area of 82 square kilometers. It was established in 1925 by the French colonial government. The park took its name from the Djurdjura Mountains found within the park. The park has a scenic landscape composed of forests, valleys, gorges, mountains, and caves. Animals such as the jackal, mongoose, red fox, weasel, and the Barbary macaque inhabit the park. The park is also home to numerous bird species such as black vulture, kestrel, booted eagle, golden eagle, and peregrine falcon. A variety of plant species can be found in the park.
El Kala National Park
El Kala National Park is in the northeastern region of Algeria. It covers an area of 800 square kilometers. The park has a diversity of ecosystems from mountainous regions to the marine ecosystem, woodlands to lake basins. The park was designated as a UNESCO biosphere reserve in 1990 due to its vibrant ecosystem. The park accommodates many plants and animals. It is a popular tourist destination especially for bird watching enthusiasts. The park’s existence was threatened by the proposed construction of a highway within the park. Conservationists have been pushing for the protection of the park’s wildlife.
Conservation in Algeria's Park System
Algeria’s vast land area accommodates a wealth of flora and fauna. The nation has established several national parks and protected areas to preserve rare species of plants and animals. Conservationists play a vital role in advocating for the preservation of Algeria’s natural resources.