Oregon

Oregon Timeline

1500's - 1700's
  • (1543) Spanish explorer Bartolome Ferrello traveled along Oregon and Washington coastlines
  • (1579) Sir Francis Drake visited Oregon
  • (1765) First use of name "Ouragon" by Maj. Robert Rogers
  • (1778) Capt. Cook began fur trade on coast
  • (1792) Capt. Robert Gray traveled and named Columbia River
1800's
  • (1805) Lewis and Clark Expedition explored Snake and Columbia Rivers; established Fort Clatsop
  • (1811) John Jacob Astor's Pacific Fur Company established Fort Astoria, first permanent white settlement in Oregon
  • (1818) U.S. and Great Britian agreed to Joint-Occupancy Treaty
  • (1819) Treaty with Spain set southern boundary of Oregon
  • (1827) Second Joint-Occupancy Treaty with Great Britian
  • (1843) First group of 900 emigrants arrived via Oregon Trail
  • (1847) Cayuse Indian War; Whitman massacre
  • (1848) Oregon Territory established
  • (1859) Oregon became 33rd state
  • (1861) Flood in Albany, water 36 feet higher than normal
  • (1869) Union and Central Pacific Railroads connected
  • (1872) Modoc Indian War
  • (1873) Great fire in Portland destroyed most of town
  • (1877) Nez Perce Indian war
  • (1878) Bannock-Paiute Indian war
  • (1885) Chief Joseph's Nez Perce tribes relocated to Colville Reservation
1900's
  • (1911) Oregon first U.S. state to hold primary elections
  • (1933) Tillamook Burn destroyed over 240,000 acres of forest
  • (1935) Fire destroyed state capitol building
  • (1936) Fire in Bandon killed eleven and destroyed the town
  • (1937) Bonneville Dam hydroelectric project on Columbia River completed
  • (1939) Tillamook Burn destroyed 190,000 acres of forest; rebuild of state capitol completed
  • (1942) Japanese submarine shells Fort Steves during World War II; Japanese airplane firebombed Siskiyou National Forest
  • (1945) Tillamook Burn destroyed 180,000 acres of forest
  • (1947) Plane crash killed Governor Snell, secretary of state, Farrell, and others
  • (1960) Maurine Neuberger, first woman Oregon senator, elected
  • (1964) Death penalty abolished
  • (1966) Astoria Bridge completed linking Oregon and Washington
  • (1978) Death penalty reinstated
  • (1984) Voters ratified Oregon lottery
  • (1991) Barbara Roberts elected, first woman governor
2000's
  • (2002) Record forest fire season burned 1,000,000 acres
  • (2004) Attorney Brandon Mayfield taken into custody by FBI in connection with March terror attacks in Madrid; Archdiocese of Portland first in US to declare bankruptcy, cannot meet cost of claims by people allegedly abused by priests
  • (2006) US Supreme Court upheld law allowing doctors in Oregon to help terminally ill patients die
  • (2010) 19-year old Somalian held for allegedly plotting car bomb attack in center of Portland
  • (2011) Former Native American students at Jesuit schools awarded settlements for abuse
  • (2011) Occupy protesters blocked work at three of Port of Portland terminals
  • (2012) Oregon Ducks won Rose Bowl after 94 years
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Oregon Photographs

Sir Francis DrakeNez Pierce IndiansJames CookOregon TrailTillamook BurnFort AstoriaFort VancouverBonneville Dam

Oregon Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Baker City Baker 541
Corvallis Benton 541
Portland Clackamas 503
Astoria Clatsop 503
Saint Helens Columbia 503
Coos Bay Coos 541
Prineville Crook 541
Brookings Curry 541
Bend Deschutes 541
Roseburg Douglas 541
Condon Gilliam 541
John Day Grant 541
Burns Harney 541
Hood River Hood River 541
Medford Jackson 541
Madras Jefferson 541
Grants Pass Josephine 541
Klamath Falls Klamath 541
Lakeview Lake 541
Eugene Lane 541
Newport Lincoln 541
Albany Linn 541
Ontario Malheur 541
Salem Marion 503
Boardman Morrow 541
Portland Multnomah 503
Salem Polk 503
Wasco Sherman 541
Tillamook Tillamook 503
Hermiston Umatilla 541
La Grande Union 541
Enterprise Wallowa 541
The Dalles Wasco 541
Beaverton Washington 503
Portland Washington 503
Fossil Wheeler 541
McMinnville Yamhill 503