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Montana

Montana History Timeline

1700's
  • (1743) Pierre De la Verendyre discovered Rocky Mountains
  • (1795) Yellowstone River named by James Mackay
1800's
  • (1803) U. S. acquired most of Montana in Louisiana Purchase
  • (1807) Manuel Lisa built first fur fort on Yellowstone River
  • (1832) First steam boat arrived at Fort Union
  • (1841) Father Pierre Jean de Smer established St. Mary's Mission in Bitterroot Valley
  • (1846) U. S. acquired the balance of Montana in Oregon Treaty
  • (1862) Gold discovered at Grasshopper Creek
  • (1864) Montana declared official territory; Butte founded
  • (1872) Yellowstone National Park created by Congress
  • (1876) Lt. Col George Custer and 197 men annihilated at Battle of Little Bighorn
  • (1877) Indian wars ended in Montana; copper mining began in Butte
  • (1880) Utah and Northern Railroad entered Montana
  • (1889) Montana became 41st state
1900's
  • (1910) Congress created Glacier National Park; forest fires devastated western Montana
  • (1914) Montana women won right to vote
  • (1916) Jeanette Rankin elected first woman in U. S. Congress
  • (1919) Oil discovered in Cat Creek field
  • (1921) Wave of bank failures began
  • (1935) Works Progress Administration (WPA) began projects; series of earthquakes hit central Montana
  • (1943) 70 coal miners killed in Smith Mine disaster
  • (1959) Earthquakes hit upper Madison Valley
  • (1961) Nation's first ICBM missile command established at Malmstrom Air Force Base
  • (1972) New state constitution adopted
  • (1980) Volcanic fallout from Mt. St. Helen eruption blanketed Montana; Anaconda Copper Company closed Montana operations
  • (1988) Montana economy affected by U. S. and Canada Free-Trade Agreement; forest fires swept through Yellowstone National Park
  • (1994) 4,500 wildfires burned 286,000 acres
2000's
  • (2000) 1,000,000 acres and 320 homes destroyed by wildfires in Bitterroot Valley; 19,600,000 acres state and federal land closed due to fire hazard
  • (2001) Electricity industry deregulated; wildfires burned throughout Montana
  • (2007) July hottest month ever recorded in state, many cities set heat records; Montana first state to enact legislation against federal government's Real ID Act
  • (2011) ExxonMobil pipeline running under Yellowstone River near Billings ruptured, dumped 1,000 barrels of oil
  • (2011) Officials set fire to oil-tainted logjam along Yellowstone River from ExxonMobil pipeline spill

Montana Photographs

rocky mountainsbutte, mtGeorge CusterMalmstrom AFBSmith Mine DisasterGlacier national park

Montana Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Dillon Beaverhead 406
Hardin Big Horn 406
Harlem Blaine 406
Townsend Broadwater 406
Red Lodge Carbon 406
Ekalaka Carter 406
Great Falls Cascade 406
Fort Benton Chouteau 406
Miles City Custer 406
Scobey Daniels 406
Glendive Dawson 406
Anaconda Deer Lodge 406
Baker Fallon 406
Lewistown Fergus 406
Kalispell Flathead 406
Bozeman Gallatin 406
Jordan Garfield 406
Browning Glacier 406
Ryegate Golden Valley 406
Philipsburg Granite 406
Havre Hill 406
Clancy Jefferson 406
Stanford Judith Basin 406
Polson Lake 406
Helena Lewis and Clark 406
Chester Liberty 406
Libby Lincoln 406
Ennis Madison 406
Circle McCone 406
White Sulphur Springs Meagher 406
Superior Mineral 406
Missoula Missoula 406
Roundup Musselshell 406
Livingston Park 406
Winnett Petroleum 406
Malta Phillips 406
Conrad Pondera 406
Broadus Powder River 406
Deer Lodge Powell 406
Terry Prairie 406
Hamilton Ravalli 406
Sidney Richland 406
Wolf Point Roosevelt 406
Lame Deer Rosebud 406
Plains Sanders 406
Plentywood Sheridan 406
Butte Silver Bow 406
Columbus Stillwater 406
Big Timber Sweet Grass 406
Choteau Teton 406
Shelby Toole 406
Hysham Treasure 406
Glasgow Valley 406
Harlowton Wheatland 406
Wibaux Wibaux 406
Billings Yellowstone 406
This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.