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Indiana Description

An advanced mound-building culture (the Mississippians) flourished in this area of North America from 800 A.D., up to the mid-15th century.

tecumseh As a result of the mid-17th century French and Iroquois Wars in New France, a large slice of North America, many indigenous Indian tribes were forced further west into the central Great Lakes area just to survive. The Miami and Pottawatomie came first, followed by the Delaware and Shawnee nations.

In 1679, the French explorer Robert de La Salle traveled through the Ohio River Valley area; he claimed the lands for France; French fur traders soon ventured in and isolated trading posts were established.

Needing protection from the indigenous Indians, the French built forts in the 1720's at Fort Wayne and Lafayette. Along the Wabash River in southwestern Indiana, Vincennes (a trading post) became the first permanent settlement around 1732.

As the French expanded their control in the region, Jesuit (Catholic) priests soon followed. Their mission was to convert the Native Americans to Christianity, and although that task proved difficult, their attempts proved rather fruitful for the French as Indians became their valuable allies against a widening British influence.

This land first claimed by France and now coveted by Britain was soon embroiled in the French and Indian War (1754-1763), as both European powers fought for total control of North America. In the end, the British dealt crushing blows to the French and their Indian allies, and they now controlled all lands east of the Mississippi.

clark stamp During the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), George Rogers Clark, an accomplished military officer from the Virginia Colony, led American forces into Indiana to fight the British and to claim this land for America. After the war, the Indiana area became part of America's expansive Northwest Territory in 1787.

In 1800, the Indiana Territory, or Land of Indians," was formed by an act of the U.S. Congress. It included lands that would later become the U.S. State of Indiana, as well as Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin.

It was the first new territory formed from lands of the Northwest Territory; its first governor, William Henry Harrison, would later become the 9th President of the United States of America.

As more settlers arrived into the southern-reaches of the territory, the indigenous Indians were determined to make a final stand. Tecumseh, a Shawnee leader and warrior, rallied the Native American tribes to fight. After many agonizing defeats, including the 1811 pivotal Battle of Tippecanoe, the Indians were all but crushed.

At the conclusion of the War of 1812, the remaining British forces in America and a somewhat small Indian confederation led by Chief Tecumseh were firmly defeated; settlers were now free to move in, as the United States had firm control of the Indiana Territory.

Indiana Photographs


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Indiana Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Decatur Adams 260
Fort Wayne Allen 260
Columbus Bartholomew 812
Fowler Benton 765
Hartford City Blackford 765
Zionsville Boone 317
Nashville Brown 812
Delphi Carroll 317
Logansport Cass 574
Jeffersonville Clark 812
Brazil Clay 812
Frankfort Clinton 765
English Crawford 812
Washington Daviess 812
Lawrenceburg Dearborn 812
Greensburg Decatur 812
Auburn DeKalb 260
Muncie Delaware 765
Jasper Dubois 812
Elkhart Elkhart 574
Connersville Fayette 765
New Albany Floyd 812
Attica Fountain 765
Batesville Franklin 812
Rochester Fulton 574
Princeton Gibson 812
Marion Grant 765
Bloomfield Greene 812
Carmel Hamilton 317
Greenfield Hancock 317
Corydon Harrison 812
Brownsburg Hendricks 317
New Castle Henry 765
Kokomo Howard 765
Huntington Huntington 260
Seymour Jackson 812
Demotte Jasper 219
Portland Jay 260
Madison Jefferson 812
North Vernon Jennings 812
Greenwood Johnson 317
Vincennes Knox 812
Warsaw Kosciusko 574
La Porte La Porte 219
Lagrange Lagrange 260
Gary Lake 219
Bedford Lawrence 812
Anderson Madison 765
Indianapolis Marion 317
Plymouth Marshall 574
Loogootee Martin 812
Peru Miami 765
Bloomington Monroe 812
Crawfordsville Montgomery 765
Martinsville Morgan 765
Lake Village Newton 219
Kendallville Noble 260
Rising Sun Ohio 812
Paoli Orange 812
Spencer Owen 812
Rockville Parke 765
Tell City Perry 812
Petersburg Pike 812
Valparaiso Porter 219
Mount Vernon Posey 812
Winamac Pulaski 574
Greencastle Putnam 765
Winchester Randolph 765
Sunman Ripley 812
Rushville Rush 765
Scottsburg Scott 812
Shelbyville Shelby 317
Rockport Spencer 812
South Bend St Joseph 574
Knox Starke 574
Angola Steuben 260
Sullivan Sullivan 812
Vevay Switzerland 812
Lafayette Tippecanoe 765
Tipton Tipton 765
Liberty Union 765
Evansville Vanderburgh 812
Clinton Vermillion 765
Terre Haute Vigo 812
Wabash Wabash 260
Williamsport Warren 765
Newburgh Warrick 812
Salem Washington 812
Richmond Wayne 765
Bluffton Wells 260
Monticello White 574
Columbia City Whitley 260
This page was last modified on September 29, 2015.