Colorado

Colorado Description

In the Colorado area, centuries before the white man appeared on the scene, nomadic Indians foraged the plains for edible vegetation and small animals.


In approximately 100 A.D., in the Four Corners' area of southwestern Colorado, the very-advanced Anasazi Indians built functional, multi-story cliff dwellings in canyon walls; later their entire culture simply vanished.

In 1540, the Spanish explorer Coronado and a large expedition of men moved north out of Mexico in search of gold, eventually reaching southeastern Colorado in 1541. Over the next two centuries, French and Spanish exploration of this mountainous area continued.

napoleon In 1800, when Napoleon Bonaparte's armies moved across Europe, pressing Spain into a corner, the Territory of Louisiana (New Orleans) and a huge slice of land in the now central United States (including much of Colorado) was ceded to France by Spain via a treaty.

In 1803, with war pressures mounting, Napoleon approved the sale of the entire area to the United States in a transaction named the Louisiana Purchase and the United States doubled in size almost overnight.

Three years later, U.S. President Thomas Jefferson dispatched Lieutenant Zebulon Pike to explore this recently purchased territory; directly west of Colorado Springs stands one of the Lieutenant's most famous (namesake) discoveries - Pikes Peak.

Beginning in the 1820's adventurers, fur trappers and traders of all description flooded the area, trading posts (forts) were established to effectively and safely barter with the Indians. Beaver pelts and buffalo skins were shipped to the eastern markets in huge quantities.

comanche teepees, colorado And speaking of Indians, Colorado at that time was the hunting grounds of the Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Utes and others. As Indian lands (territories) were stolen, hostilities with the invading white men were inevitable, but the firepower of the U.S. Military forces eventually proved overpowering to the Native Americans.

When gold was discovered in California in 1849, the subsequent get-rich-quick "fever" spread across the west, reaching the Colorado Territory when it was also found (near Denver) in 1858. In the next few years, tens of thousands of people arrived here to search for the golden treasure. As a result dozens of small settlements were built across the territory, and the small town of Denver was itself dedicated in 1860.

Colorado Photographs

CITY ATTRACTIONS & MAPS:

Wildflowers in an Alpine Meadow in Yankee Boy Basin

Wildflowers in an alpine meadow...
by Robbie George
Buy This at Allposters.com

16th Street Walking Mall, Denver, Colorado, USA

16th Street...
by Chuck Haney
Buy This at Allposters.com

Colorado Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Denver Adams 303
Alamosa Alamosa 719
Englewood Arapahoe 303
Aurora Arapahoe 303
Pagosa Springs Archuleta 970
Springfield Baca 719
Las Animas Bent 719
Longmont Boulder 303
Boulder Boulder 303
Broomfield Broomfield 303
Salida Chaffee 719
Cheyenne Wells Cheyenne 719
Idaho Springs Clear Creek 303
La Jara Conejos 719
San Luis Costilla 719
Ordway Crowley 719
Westcliffe Custer 719
Delta Delta 970
Denver Denver 303
Dove Creek Dolores 970
Littleton Douglas 303
Avon Eagle 970
Colorado Springs El Paso 719
Elizabeth Elbert 303
Canon City Fremont 719
Glenwood Springs Garfield 970
Black Hawk Gilpin 303
Granby Grand 970
Gunnison Gunnison 970
Lake City Hinsdale 970
Walsenburg Huerfano 719
Walden Jackson 970
Denver Jefferson 303
Arvada Jefferson 303
Littleton Jefferson 303
Eads Kiowa 719
Burlington Kit Carson 719
Durango La Plata 970
Leadville Lake 719
Fort Collins Larimer 970
Trinidad Las Animas 719
Limon Lincoln 719
Sterling Logan 970
Grand Junction Mesa 970
Creede Mineral 719
Craig Moffat 970
Cortez Montezuma 970
Montrose Montrose 970
Fort Morgan Morgan 970
La Junta Otero 719
Ridgway Ouray 970
Bailey Park 303
Holyoke Phillips 970
Aspen Pitkin 970
Lamar Prowers 719
Pueblo Pueblo 719
Meeker Rio Blanco 970
Monte Vista Rio Grande 719
Steamboat Springs Routt 970
Center Saguache 719
Silverton San Juan 970
Telluride San Miguel 970
Julesburg Sedgwick 970
Breckenridge Summit 970
Woodland Park Teller 719
Akron Washington 970
Greeley Weld 970
Yuma Yuma 970