Alabama

Alabama Geography

In the north and northeastern regions of Alabama, and along much of its border with Georgia, the lands are hilly and mountainous.

The central, west and southwestern areas are covered by rolling grassland plains that slope gently west into Mississippi, and south to the Gulf of Mexico.

The Cumberland Plateau in the north is an elevated, somewhat flat area, dissected by the massive Tennessee River system and many small tributaries.

The Piedmont Upland is dominated by several flat-topped mountains, while the Piedmont Plateau in the southeast is generally less elevated land, averaging about 1000 ft. above sea level.

The Appalachian Mountains, about 1,500 miles in length, extend from north-central Alabama, up through the New England states and on into the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Quebec.

Alabama is heavily wooded, and in fact, forests cover almost 65% of available land. Several mountains of size stand in northeastern Alabama, with Lookout Mountain the most prominent. Further south in the Talladaga Range of the Appalachians, the highest point in the state, Cheaha Mountain, stands at 2,407 ft.

Underground caves are found throughout Alabama. Marshland and swamps are common in the far south along the Coastal Plain that fronts the Gulf of Mexico and stretches on into Florida.

Alabama contains over 1,350 miles of navigable rivers, more than any other continental U.S. State. Major ones include the Alabama, Chattahoochee, Conecuh, Mobile, Tennessee and Tombigbee.

For a closer look at the topography of Alabama, view this topographic map

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Alabama Photographs

Caver Enters Thunder Hole Cave in the Little Coon Valley of Alabama

Underground cave...
by Stephen Alvarez
Buy This at Allposters.com

Alabama Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Prattville Autauga 334
Daphne Baldwin 251
Eufaula Barbour 334
West Blocton Bibb 205
Oneonta Blount 205
Union Springs Bullock 334
Greenville Butler 334
Anniston Calhoun 256
Valley Chambers 334
Centre Cherokee 256
Clanton Chilton 205
Butler Choctaw 205
Jackson Clarke 251
Lineville Clay 256
Heflin Cleburne 256
Enterprise Coffee 334
Tuscumbia Colbert 256
Evergreen Conecuh 251
Goodwater Coosa 256
Andalusia Covington 334
Luverne Crenshaw 334
Cullman Cullman 256
Ozark Dale 334
Selma Dallas 334
Fort Payne DeKalb 256
Wetumpka Elmore 334
Atmore Escambia 251
Gadsden Etowah 256
Fayette Fayette 205
Russellville Franklin 256
Slocomb Geneva 334
Eutaw Greene 205
Greensboro Hale 334
Headland Henry 334
Dothan Houston 334
Scottsboro Jackson 256
Birmingham Jefferson 205
Vernon Lamar 205
Florence Lauderdale 256
Moulton Lawrence 256
Auburn Lee 334
Athens Limestone 256
Hayneville Lowndes 334
Tuskegee Macon 334
Huntsville Madison 256
Demopolis Marengo 334
Hamilton Marion 205
Albertville Marshall 256
Mobile Mobile 251
Monroeville Monroe 251
Montgomery Montgomery 334
Decatur Morgan 256
Marion Perry 334
Gordo Pickens 205
Troy Pike 334
Roanoke Randolph 334
Phenix City Russell 334
Pell City Saint Clair 205
Birmingham Shelby 205
Livingston Sumter 205
Talladega Talladega 256
Alexander City Tallapoosa 256
Tuscaloosa Tuscaloosa 205
Jasper Walker 205
Millry Washington 251
Camden Wilcox 334
Haleyville Winston 205