Caribbean Fast Facts

  • Caribbean Population: 36,314,000 (2010 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Ethnic groups: Afro-Caribbean, Indo-Caribbean, Native Americans (Arawak, Caribs, Tainos), European, Asian Demonym West Indian and Caribbean
  • Major Languages: Spanish, English, French patois
  • Governments: 13 sovereign states; 2 overseas departments and 14 dependent territories, tied to the United Kingdom, France, Netherlands and USA
  • Largest Caribbean Cities: (by metro population)
    Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - 2,799,600
    Havana, Cuba - 2,662,300
    Port-au-Prince, Haiti - 1,728,100
    Kingston, Jamaica - 925,000
    Santiago de Cuba, Cuba - 544,400
    Santiago, Dominican Republic - 458,000
    Camaguey, Cuba - 348,600
    Holguin, Cuba - 312,000
    Guantanamo, Cuba - 269,200
    Santa Clara, Cuba - 247,800
  • Largest Caribbean Countries:
    (by population)(2010 est.)
    Cuba - 11,087,330
    Dominican Republic - 9,956,648
    Haiti - 9,719,932
    Jamaica - 2,868,380
    Trinidad & Tobago - 1,227,505
    Bahamas - 346,000
    Barbados - 257,000
    St. Lucia - 161,557
    Grenada - 108,419
    St. Vincent & the Grenadines - 103,869
  • A handful of countries border the Caribbean Sea and some have cays, inlets, islands and inhabited reefs off of their immediate coastline; all are considered a part of the Caribbean region. They include:

    BELIZE: Ambergris Caye, Caye Caulker, Glover's Reef, Half Moon Caye Hicks Cays, Lighthouse Reef, St. George's Caye, South Water Caye and Turneffe Islands

    COLOMBIA: Archipelago of San Andres and Providencia

    HONDURAS: Bay Islands, and Swan Islands

    MEXICO: Isla Contoy, Isla Cozumel and Isla Mujeres

    NICARAGUA: Corn Islands, Cayos Miskitos and Pearl Cays

    PANAMA: Kuna Yala Islands (more than 1300 islands) and Bocas del Toro Archipelago (approximately 300 islands)

    VENEZUELA: Blanquilla Island, Coche Island, Cubagua Island, Isla Aves, Islas Los Frailes, Isla Margarita, Isla de Patos, La Sola Island, La Tortuga Island, La Orchila, Las Aves Archipelago, Los Monjes Archipelago, Los Hermanos Archipelago, Los Roques Archipelago and Los Testigos Islands